There is extensive sea ice exchange between the Arctic Basin and its marginal seas, which are the major sources of new ice for the Arctic Basin. The Arctic Basin serves as a reservoir for the marginal seas; it both receives large ice masses exported from the seas and supplies the seas with thicker multiyear ice. The direction and intensity of ice exchange depends to a great extent on the wind regime. However, local winds alone do not completely determine this exchange of ice. Ice export from the ice cover of marginal seas depends on sea ice conditions in the central Arctic because the sea ice originating from the marginal seas must have some ability to replace the central Arctic ice cover. Thus, the marginal seas depend to some degree on the intensity of ice export from the Arctic Basin to the Greenland and other subarctic seas. However, ice flow from the basin to the seas during onshore winds is strongly restricted by the shoreline and landfast ice, and ocean circulation also influences this ice exchange.
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