The Arctic Climate System

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The Arctic Climate System

The Arctic can be viewed as an integrated system, characterized by intimate couplings between its atmosphere, ocean and land, linked in turn to the larger global system. This comprehensive, up-to-date assessment begins with an outline of early Arctic exploration and the growth of modern research, followed by an overview of the Arctic's basic physical characteristics and climatic features. Using an integrated systems approach, subsequent chapters examine the atmospheric heat budget and circulation, the surface energy budget, the hydrologic cycle and interactions between the ocean, atmosphere and sea ice cover. Reviews of recent directions in numerical modeling and the characteristics of past Arctic climates set the stage for detailed discussion of recent climate variability and trends, and projected future states. Throughout, satellite remote sensing data and results from recent major field programs are used to illustrate key processes.

The Arctic Climate System provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of the subject for researchers and advanced students in a wide range of disciplines.

Cambridge Atmospheric and Space Science Series

Editors: J. T. Houghton, M. J. Rycroft and A. J. Dessler

This series of upper-level texts and research monographs covers the physics and chemistry of different regions of the Earth's atmosphere, from the troposphere and stratosphere, up through the ionosphere and magnetosphere and out to the interplanetary medium.

Mark C. Serreze received a Ph.D. in Geography from the University of Colorado, Boulder, in 1989, for his work on understanding Arctic sea ice variability. He has subsequently been a research scientist at the University of Colorado, at the National Snow and Ice Data Center within the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences and is an Associate Research Professor in Geography. His Arctic research interests are wide-ranging, and include atmosphere-sea ice interactions, synoptic climatology, hydroclimatology, boundary layer problems, numerical weather prediction and climate change. Dr. Serreze has conducted field work in the Canadian Arctic on sea ice and ice caps, and on the Alaskan tundra. Service includes contributions to the National Science Foundation, the World Climate Research Programme, the United States Navy and the Arctic Research Consortium of the United States.

Roger G. Barry obtained his Ph.D. in Geography at Southampton University, United Kingdom, in 1965. He is Professor of Geography at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Director of the National Snow and Ice Data Center for Glaciology, and a fellow of the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences. He has written over 200 research papers and several books, including Mountain Weather and Climate; Atmosphere, Weather and Climate; Synoptic Climatology and Synoptic and Dynamic Climatology. In 1999, Dr. Barry was made a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union in recognition of his contributions to research in climatology and cryospheric science. In 2004, he was named Distinguished Professor by the University of Colorado Board of Regents.

Cambridge Atmospheric and Space Science Series

EDITORS

Alexander J. Dessler John T. Houghton Michael J. Rycroft

TITLES IN PRINT IN THIS SERIES M. H. Rees

Physics and chemistry of the upper atmosphere

R. Daley

Atmosphere data analysis J. R. Garratt

The atmospheric boundary layer J. K. Hargreaves The solar—terrestrial environment S. Sazhin

Whistler-mode waves in a hot plasma S. P. Gary

Theory of space plasma microinstabilities

M. Walt

Introduction to geomagnetically trapped radiation

Gaskinetic theory B. A. Kagan

Ocean—atmosphere interaction and climate modelling

Introduction to circulating atmospheres

Antarctic meteorology and climatology

The Earth's plasmasphere

D. Hastings and H. Garrett

Spacecraft—environment interactions

Physics of solar system plasmas J. Green

Atmospheric dynamics

G. E. Thomas and K. Stamnes

Radiative transfer in the atmosphere and ocean

Physics of space environment

Ionospheres: Physics, plasma physics, and chemistry

Inverse problems in atmospheric constituent transport

R. D. Hunsucker and J. K. Hargreaves

The high-latitude ionosphere and its effects on radio propagation

R. W. Schunk and Andrew F. Nagy

Ionospheres

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