Table of contents

PREFACE IX

ABBREVIATIONS XIII

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 The challenge of change 1

1.2 Aim and research questions 2

1.3 Climate change and the Arctic 3

1.4 Key concepts and analytical points of departure 6

1.5 An interdisciplinary dissertation 7

1.6 Dissertation structure 7

CHAPTER 2. INTERNATIONAL REGIMES AND KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION 13

2.1 International environmental regimes 13

2.2 Co-production of knowledge and political order 22

2.3 An analytical framework 27

2.4 Chapter summary 32

CHAPTER 3. RESEARCH APPROACH 33

3.1 Focus 33

3.2 A case study approach 34

3.3 A multitude of methods 35

3.4 Finding ways through the empirical material 42

3.5 Ethical considerations 43

3.6 Situated knowledge 44

3.7 Notes on language and word choices 45

3.8 An interdisciplinary approach 47

CHAPTER 4. FROM ICE AGES TO BELLWETHER FOR GLOBAL WARMING:

THE ARCTIC IN CLIMATE SCIENCE AND POLICY 51

4.1 Early developments 51

4.2 Growing international cooperation 59

4.3 Politics of the atmosphere 64

4.4 An emerging Arctic regime 80

4.5 Conclusions and discussion 91

CHAPTER 5. SCIENCE AND POLICY IN THE ACIA PROCESS 97

5.1 Early origins 98

5.2 The scientific report 110

5.3 The overview document 120

5.4 The policy process 128

5.5 Other activities 147

5.6 Conclusions and discussion 149

CHAPTER 6. THE SCIENTIFIC FRAMING OF ARCTIC CLIMATE CHANGE 155

6.1 Materials and methods 155

6.2 Global, local, and regional: a focus on spatial scale 161

6.3 Who is in focus? 178

6.4 What is climate change about? 185

6.5 Governance arrangements and actor networks 192

6.6 Conclusions and discussion 203

CHAPTER 7. REGIONAL KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION AND

THE POLITICS OF SCALE 209

7.1 The framing of Arctic climate change 210

7.2 The politics of scale 211

7.3 The science-policy interface in a regional regime 217

7.4 Structure and agency: the regime concept revisited 222

7.5 Regional arenas in international climate policy 224

7.6 Summary 227

BIBLIOGRAPHY 229

APPENDIX I: DOCUMENTS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER 243

APPENDIX II: INTERVIEWS 251

APPENDIX III: INTERVIEW GUIDE ACIA LEAD AUTHORS 255

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