Is the regime concept useful for analyzing the co-production of science and policy? Can it be made more useful? The purpose of this section is to discuss the regime concept based on the empirical findings of the ACIA case study and to discuss how the concept can be made more useful by making more explicit connections to some other theoretical approaches.
Based on the fact that a large share of the international environmental science-policy dialogue occurs in the setting of formal regimes they appear to play a central role for the co-production of science and policy. In an ideal situation, environmental regimes can give rise to boundary organizations where scientific and policy concerns can meet and so they become important for creating consensus on the knowledge base for political decisions.22 IPCC's first assessment in relation to the final negotiation and signing of the UNFCCC and its second assessment in relation to the Kyoto Protocol are cases in point. This dissertation has also shown that formal intergovernmental cooperation can play a role in consolidating and strengthening scientific networks, where the WMO and the IPCC are examples in relation to climate science. The future will tell if initiatives based on the ACIA will be equally important.
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