Theoretical and methodological framework

Chapter 2. International Regimes and Knowledge Production presents the theoretical framework for the dissertation. It takes its starting point from international relations theory with a focus on the role of knowledge and international environmental regimes. It presents the basic epistemological premise in the dissertation - that scientific knowledge is socially constructed, and that this process can be best understood as co-construction between nature and culture/society - and it goes on to explore different approaches for analyzing the co-production of nature and society/culture. The chapter highlights the basic analytical tension between structure, as it is expressed in for example environmental regimes, and agency. By combining this tension with the tension expressed in the idea of co-production of science and policy, a framework is created that is later used for analyzing how and when international regimes influence knowledge production. It also presents and discusses key analytical concepts that are used throughout the dissertation.

Chapter 3. Research Approach lays out the research methodology used for analyzing science-policy and structure-actors dynamics and their role in framing environmental issues. It includes a discussion of using a case study approach, its focus on Arctic climate change, and the methods used for gathering empirical material. Finally, the chapter presents an ethical analysis of the project, some notes on my role as a researcher in terms of situated knowledge, and some comments on language.

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