Growing international cooperation

After the World War II, there were converging needs from the scientific and political communities. Scientifically, it had become increasingly clear that studies of many geophysical phenomena required international collaborations - the natural world did not pay attention to national borders. Moreover, at least the natural sciences were increasingly fostering an international rather than national identity, with the ICSU as an example. Politically, there was a need to bind people together again. The dangers of national

42 Sverker Sorlin, "Hans W:son Ahlmann, Arctic Research and Polar Warming : From a National to an International Scientific Agenda, 1929-1952" in Mundus librorum, eds. Pentti Laasonen, Anto Leiko-la, Tapio Markkanen, Leena Parssinen, Esko Rahikainen (Helsinki: Helsingin yliopiston kirjasto, 1996).

43 Bjorn-Ola Linner, The Return ofMalthus. Environmentalism andPost-WarPopulation-Resource Crisis (Isle of Harris: White Hourse Press, 2003), 30.

44 Crawford, Nationalism and Internationalism in Science, 1880-1939. Four Studies of the Nobel Population, chapter 2.

ism had become all too apparent and the impetus was strong to find effective ways to build a new world order. This included the creation of the United Nations and the Bretton-Woods financial institutions but also organizations that have been central to the development of climate science. In this context, it became an explicit policy to foster scientific links across national borders.

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