Arctic images in the formative years of climate policy

What role did the Arctic play in the formative years of the climate science and policy interface? Politically, the Arctic was not a recognized region and, as outlined above, international relations were colored by Cold-War political dynamics. In climate science,

123 Franz, The Development of an International Agenda for Climate Change, 17.

124 Daniel Bodansky, "The History of the Global Climate Change Regimes," in International Relations and Global Climate Change, eds. Urs Luterbacher and Detlef F. Sprinz, 23-40 (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001), 27.

125 Franz, The Development of an International Agenda for Climate Change, 18.

126 Agrawala, "Context and Early Origin of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change," 610.

127 Noelle Eckley, William Clark, Alex Ferrell, Jill Jaeger, and David Stanners, Designing Effective Assessments: the Role of Participation, Science and Governance, and Focus (European Environment Agency, 2001); Mitchell, et al., Global Environmental Assessments: Information and Influence, e.g. 120-121.

128 Breitmeier, "International Organizations and the Creation of Environmental Regimes," 101-102.

129 World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987), 175; Franz, The Development of an International Agenda for Climate Change, 21.

the picture of the Arctic centered on its role in the global climate system. For example, the report that was written for the 1985 Villach meeting discusses the role of reflections from the polar ice in relation to climate models, the role of ice core data for determining atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide and methane, and water-saturated tundra as a source of methane. Sea-ice extent is mentioned as a moderately high priority for monitoring.130 This report's discussion of impact of climate change focuses on agriculture and forestry and does not include consideration of the Arctic.

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