Climate science in the 1970s a focus on models and impact

Researchers concerned with the global climate were in the 1970s continuing their focus on the global carbon cycle and how humans may affect it. Methodologically, the development of computer technology created new ways of getting a picture of what might be in store. Modeling was intimately connected to global networks for data collection that were set up in connection with the International Geophysical Year, illustrating how technology development could feed on the international...

The policy document

The final policy document is a fairly short text - a total of eight pages including the cover page. It starts with a short description of what the Arctic Council is and its role in relation to climate change. This is followed by the parts of the Ministerial Declaration connected to the ACIA and a backgrounder that is extracted from the Senior Arctic Officials' Report to the Ministers. At the onset, the text is placed in relation to the UNFCCC and previous Arctic Council ministerial declarations...

Actors and actor networks

The most prominent actor networks in the ACIA are the scientific disciplinary networks from which the lead authors identified contributing and consulting authors. In some cases, those networks were pan-Arctic or global before the assessment, while in other cases, the assessment process itself served as a network-building or network strengthening activity. In the latter case, the ACIA becomes a potential driver for the structure of future knowledge production. The following quote from a lead...

Quantitative analysis of the ACIA reports

To complement the qualitative text analysis, the computer software Concordance18 was used to identify the most commonly used words in each chapter and to count frequency of selected key words related to framing and knowledge base. Both approaches can be described as classical text analysis or a fishing expedition. They do not rely on any interpretive coding of the text and can be called representational in that they are based on the assumption that the authors say what they mean. The weakness...

Post Stockholm politics UNEP and the case of ozone depletion

The Stockholm Conference framed the environment as an international issue worthy of attention by the United Nations. A major outcome at the organizational level was the creation of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). This new agency was given the primary role of monitoring and assessing the quality of the environment and alerting the world to any environmental danger signals.95 It would come to play a critical role in both the emerging politics of the atmosphere and in science...