FIGURE 11.2 National commitment of the United States to maintain an ''active and influential presence in Antarctica" (as stated in Presidential Memorandum 6646 signed by Ronald Reagan on 5 February 1982) with the National Science Foundation (NSF) as the lead coordinating agency— affirming the central role of ''scientific activities" as the basis for international cooperation in the south polar region. The total NSF Antarctic budget and allocation for scientific grants increased along with international interest in Antarctica since before the International Geophysical Year in 1957-58 (Fig. 5.3). Data courtesy of the National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Programs.

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