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FIGURE 11.3 Tourism, as with nations entering the Antarctic Treaty System (Fig. 5.3), has expanded through an establishment phase into an international accommodation phase, which continues to involve increasing numbers of individuals from around the world (Table 11.1). The rate of future tourism growth (???) will influence the scope of environmental impacts, assessment strategies, and nongovernmental involvement in the Antarctic region during the global stewardship phase. Note that the accommodation phase for Antarctic tourism began around 1985, during the negotiations for the 1988 Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resources Activities. In contrast, the accommodation phase occurred for Antarctic Treaty nations a decade earlier (Fig. 5.3), when tourism initially peaked shortly after the oil embargo by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and the drilling activities of the Glomar Challenger in the mid-1970s (Fig. 6.4). Based on data from the International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators (http://www.iaato.org).

Year

FIGURE 11.3 Tourism, as with nations entering the Antarctic Treaty System (Fig. 5.3), has expanded through an establishment phase into an international accommodation phase, which continues to involve increasing numbers of individuals from around the world (Table 11.1). The rate of future tourism growth (???) will influence the scope of environmental impacts, assessment strategies, and nongovernmental involvement in the Antarctic region during the global stewardship phase. Note that the accommodation phase for Antarctic tourism began around 1985, during the negotiations for the 1988 Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resources Activities. In contrast, the accommodation phase occurred for Antarctic Treaty nations a decade earlier (Fig. 5.3), when tourism initially peaked shortly after the oil embargo by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and the drilling activities of the Glomar Challenger in the mid-1970s (Fig. 6.4). Based on data from the International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators (http://www.iaato.org).

TABLE 11.1 Antarctic Commercial Activities among Different Nations

Marine _Tourism b_

fisheries Tourists Operators

Argentina

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