Abbreviations and acronyms

AARI

Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute

AMANDA

Antarctic Muon and Nutrino Detector Array

ANARE

Australian National Antarctic Expedition

BAS

British Antarctic Survey

CEE

Comprehensive Environmental Evaluation

ECM

electrical conductivity measurement

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EPICA

European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica

ERS

European research satellite

ESF

European Science Foundation

GPHS

general purpose heat source

GPS

global positioning system

IGY

International Geophysical Year

IPY

International Polar Year

ISAIRAS

International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and

Automation in Space

JPL

Jet Propulsion Laboratory

KEMS

Russian electro-mechanical drill for coring (Russian abbreviation)

LBR

low bit rate

LVHRZ

Lake Vostok Hypothetical Rift Zone

MOLA

Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NSF

National Science Foundation

NSIDC

National Snow and Ice Data Center

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

PLAS

Sub-glacial Autonomous Station (SGAS) (Russian abbreviation)

PMGRE

Polar Marine Geological Research Expedition (Russian)

RAE

Russian Antarctic Expedition

RES

radio-echo sounding

RFBR

Russian Foundation for Basical Research

RIA

Russian Information Agency

RISP

Ross Ice Shelf Project

RMS

root mean square

RSS

reflection seismic sounding

SAE

Soviet Antarctic Expedition

SALEGOS

Special Antarctic Lake Exploration Group of Specialists

SAR

synthetic aperture radar

SCAR

Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research

SEM

scanning electron microscope

SGARS

Sub-glacial Autonomous Returnable Station

SGAS

Sub-glacial Autonomous Station

SPRI

Scott Polar Research Institute

STAIF

Space Technology and Application International Forum

TBZS

Russian thermo-electric drill for holes filled with liquids (Russian

abbreviation)

TELGA

Russian thermo-electric drill for dry holes (Russian abbreviation)

TUD

Technical University of Denmark

USARP

U.S. Antarctic Research Program

WDC

World Data Center

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