B

bacteria

- freshwater ecosystems 71,74

- seawater and sea ice 105,108-110,149,

183,185

- sediments 236,237,288

- terrestrial ecosystems 66-70 Bahia Paraiso 9,234,235,237,247,274,

barium 98,147,177,184,185,193,194, 202

Beacon Supergroup 7,11,40 benthic organisms 74,75,116-119,123,

242-246, 270-279 beryllium

- marine sediment 229 bile 235,278

bioactive metals 217-219 biodegradation 236 biogeochemical cycles 97-102,164, 210-221,224-230,293,302-304 biomagnification 120,142,246,251,283 biomarkers 235,258,275,278,300 BIOMASS 85,112

biomass burning 30,131-134,141,162, 170

biomethylation 149,183,185 biomonitors 146,164,196-200,207,255,

270,274,280-282,303-306 bismuth 98,149,150,177,184,185,207 black carbon 132,135,136,141,153,297 blood 118,266,281,305 blubber 186,269,270,285 blue ice 14,15,49,50 boron 184

bottom waters 13,73,83,98,220 BPMO 278

brine 13,59,73,93,96,108,109,141,203 BROD 278

bromine 143,144,147,148,150 Buffon 28

cadmium

- Cd/Ca ratio 220

- Cd/Cu ratio 259

- Cd/PO4 ratio 219

- biogeochemical cycle 140,148-150,

174,175,178-180,210

- freshwater 204, 205

- lichens and mosses 198-203

- marine organisms 250-263, 267-269,

271-277,282-288,304-307

- seawater 212-217,219-221,225

- sediments 228-231,239-242,245,246

- snow and ice 180-185,189,190

- soils 192-194,238 calcium

- biogeochemical cycle 62,98,122,183,

220,227,228

- carbonate 98-100,219,220,227

- lichens 199 carbon

- biogeochemical cycle 44,97-102,

104-106,218

106,129,132,137-140,220

- monoxide 29,129-132

cation exchange capacity 164,302 CCAMLR 85,114,117,120,122,256,266,

299,300,309 cerium 98,150,184 cesium 150,269

- 137Cs 152,153,194,198,200,206,207,

258,302 CFCs 28,126,129,140,145,161 chemical weathering 62,64,65,75,79,81,

163,302 CHLs 155,156

chlordane 126,153,155,156,274,285 chlorine 106,141,162,225

- HCl 150 chloride 62,141,144 chlorophyll 99,105,107,209 chromium

- aerosol 146,147,207

- emissions 148-150,296

- lichens and mosses 199,200,202

- marine organisms 257, 269

- snow 175,183-185

- soils and sediments 192,193,229,230,

238,240,242 clear-sky precipitation 20 climate

- changes and variability 26-41,53-56,

76-82,90,91,95,104,138,145,207, 266,292-312

- models 37,96,97,101,122,123,153 clouds 12,14,15,19-22,24,39,43,76,83,

133,138,152,167,168,298 coal 7,9,11,28,40,145,148,172,191,296 cobalt

- biogeochemical cycle 98,147,149

- freshwater 204,205

- marine organisms 254, 255, 267

- seawater 213-219,246

- snow 183,184

- soils and sediments 194, 229, 230 cold

- adaptation 44, 61

- condensation 154, 158, 278

- desert 1,21,41,44,62,64,65,75,293 colonisation processes 33,44,61,66,69,

76-79

COMNAP 76,126,160,192,203,232,300 continental shelf 85,96,110,116,118,

121,122,228,229,253 continental slope 85,96,117,119 Cook's voyage 232 copper

- aerosol 146,147

- deposits 10,11

- emissions 147-150

- freshwaters 204, 205

- lichens and mosses 198-202,228-230,

238-241,245-246

- marine organisms 253-261,268-277,

- seawater 212-218

- snow and ice 178-185,189-191,296

- soils and sediments 191-194 cosmic dust 53,147 CRAMRA 9

crustaceans 103,111-115,121,251,

253-258,269-273,279,280,288,305 CSIRO 96

cyanobacteria 67, 73, 74, 81 D

DDT (and derivatives) 126,153,206,249

- deposition 155,156,198,297,298

- marine organisms 252, 253, 257, 258,

265,266,269,270,274,278-282,285, 289

- sediments 238,239

- snow 186-188,198 deposition

- dry deposition 134,142,164-168,171

- occult 165,168,302

- wet 20,21,36-40,134,164-169 detoxification mechanisms 274,275 deuterium 36, 53

diatoms 52,59,74,81,83,98,102-107, 109,112,118,216-219,221,246, 251-253,255,271 dieldrin 126,153,155,252,265,266,269 digestive gland 257,259,274,275

dioxins (PCDDs) 126,154,160,258,287 DMS 83,101,102,136,141 DMSP 101,102 DNA 60,105,107,269 dust particles 134,147,176,185,200,201, 216

dysprosium 184 E

eggs 112,119,121,154,186,261,263-266,

276,281,282,285-289 El NiƱo 20,25,26,91,134 Ellsworth Orogen 7 endocrine disrupters 125,154,266 endolithic communities 62,69 endosulfan 153 endrin 126, 153 enrichment factors 176,182 ENSO 20,25,26,35,39,41,91,296,310 environmental impact 9,28,80,82,159, 160,162,189,204,234,242,301,302, 308,310,312 environmental monitoring 126,160, 196-207,234,238,246,247,300, 304-307 EPICA 54 erbium 184 EROD 235,274 erythemal dose 16 esterase 258 europium 184 Exxon Valdez 234,236

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