Since 1993, ICRAF has initiated programs to identify priority trees for domestication (Franzel et al., 1996) and started germplasm collection in the humid lowlands of West Africa, the semiarid lowlands of West Africa, the Miombo Woodlands of the southern Africa plateau, and in western Amazonia (Leakey and Simons, 1998b). Through these programs ICRAF is developing the concepts, strategies, and policies associated with capturing genetic diversity of a wide range of indigenous trees for growth in agroforestry systems. These will be developed as the programs evolve. In this way, it is hoped the promises of agroforestry to alleviate poverty and to mitigate environmental degradation and the loss of biodiversity will to be fulfilled.
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