References

Miracle Farm Blueprint

Organic Farming Manual

Get Instant Access

Alderman, H. and Paxson, C. H., 1992. Do the poor insure? A synthesis of the literature on risk and consumption in developing countries, in Economics in a Changing World: Proceedings of the Tenth World Congress of the International Economic Association, Vol. 10, Edmar L. Bacha, Ed., St. Martin's Press, New York, 48-78.

Almekinders, C. J. M., Louwaars, N. P., and de Bruijn, G. H., 1994. Local seed systems and their importance for an improved seed supply in developing countries, Euphytica, 78:207-216.

Ashby, J. A., Garcia, T., del Pilar Guerrero, M., Quiros, C. A., Roa, J. I., and Beltran, J. A., 1995. Innovation in the organization of participatory plant breeding, in Participatory Plant Breeding. Proceedings of a Workshop on Participatory Plant Breeding, P. Eyza-guirre and M. Iwanaga, Eds., IPGRI, Rome, Italy, 77-98.

Bellon, M., 1996. The dynamics of crop infraspecific diversity: a conceptual framework at the farmer level, Econ. Bot., 50:26-39.

Bellon, M., Pham, J. L., and Jackson, M. T., 1997. Genetic conservation: a role for rice farmers, in Plant Genetic Conservation: The In situ Approach, N. B. Maxted, V. FordLloyd, and J. G. Hawkes, Eds., Chapman and Hall, London, 263-289.

Brennan, J. P. and Byerlee, D., 1991. The rate of crop varietal replacement on farms: measures and empirical results for wheat, Plant Varieties Seeds, 4:99-106.

Brennan, J. P. and Fox, P., 1995. Impacts of CIMMYT Wheats in Australia: Evidence of International Research Spillover, Economics Research Report No. 1/95, NSW Agriculture, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales.

Brown, G., Jr., 1990. Valuation of genetic resources, in The Conservation and Valuation of Biological Resources, G. H. Orians, G. M. Brown, Jr., W. E. Kunin, and J. E. Swierzbin-ski, Eds., University of Washington Press, Seattle, 203-228.

Brush, S. B., 1992. Farmers' rights and genetic conservation in traditional farming systems, World Dev., 20:1617-1630.

Brush, S. B., Taylor, J. E., and Bellon, M. R., 1992. Technology adoption and biological diversity in Andean potato agriculture, J. Dev. Econ., 39:365-387.

Byerlee, D. and Traxler, G., 1995. National and international wheat improvement research in the post-green revolution period: evolution and impacts, Am. J. Agric. Econ., 77:268-278.

Dempsey, G., 1996. In situ Conservation of Crops and Their Relatives: A Review of Current Status and Prospects for Wheat and Maize, NRG Paper 96-08, CIMMYT, Mexico, D.F.

Duvick, D. N., 1984. Genetic diversity in major farm crops on the farm and in reserve, Econ. Bot, 38:161-178.

Ehrenfeld, D., 1988. Why put a value on biodiversity?, in Biodiversity, E. O. Wilson, Ed., National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 212-216.

Evenson, R. E., 1996. The economic principles of research resource allocation, in Rice Research in Asia: Progress and Priorities, R. E. Evenson, R. W. Herdt, and M. Hossain, Eds., CAB International, Oxford, and International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, 73-90.

Evenson, R. E. and Gollin, D., 1997. Genetic resources, international organizations, and improvement in rice varieties, Econ. Dev. Cult. Change, 45:471-500.

Eyzaguirre, P. and Iwanaga, M., 1996. Participatory Plant Breeding. Proceedings of a Workshop on Participatory Plant Breeding, IPGRI, Rome, Italy.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, 1996. The State of the World's Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, FAO, Rome.

Frankel, O. H., Brown, A. H. D., and Burdon, J. J., 1995. The Conservation of Plant Biodiversity, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

García-Barrios, R. and García-Barrios, L., 1990. Environmental and technological degradation in peasant agriculture: a consequence of development in Mexico, World Dev., 18:1569-1585.

Gill, M. S., 1978. Success in the Indian Punjab, in Conservation and Agriculture, J. G. Hawkes, Ed., Duckworth, London.

Gollin, M. A., 1993a. An intellectual property rights framework for biodiversity prospecting, in Biodiversity Prospecting: Using Genetic Resources for Sustainable Development, W. V. Reid, Ed., World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C. (in connection with Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad — Costa Rica, Rainforest Alliance — USA, and African Centre for Technology Studies — Kenya), 159-198.

Gollin, M. A., 1993b. The convention on biological diversity and intellectual property rights, in Biodiversity Prospecting: Using Genetic Resources for Sustainable Development, W. V. Reid, Ed., World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C. (in connection with Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad — Costa Rica, Rainforest Alliance — USA, and African Centre for Technology Studies — Kenya), 289-302.

Griliches, Z., 1957. Hybrid corn: an exploration in the economics of technological change, Econometrica, 25:501-522.

Hartell, J., Smale, M., Heisey, P. W., and Senauer, B., 1997. The Contribution of Genetic Resources and Diversity to Wheat Productivity: A Case from the Punjab of Pakistan, CIMMYT Economics Working Paper 97-01, CIMMYT, Mexico, D.F.

Heisey, P. W. and Brennan, J., 1991. An analytical model of farmers' demand for replacement seed, Am. J. Agric. Econ., 73:44-52.

Heisey, P., Smale, M., Byerlee, D., and Souza, E., 1997. Wheat rusts and the costs of genetic diversity in the Punjab of Pakistan, Am. J. Agric. Econ., 79:726-737.

Louette, D. and Smale, M., 1997. Maize seed selection and the maintenance of landrace characteristics in a traditional Mexican community, paper presented at International Workshop on Building the Basis for Economic Analysis of Genetic Resources in Crop Plants, CIMMYT and Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.

Louette, D., Charrier, A., and Berthaud, J., 1997. In situ conservation of maize in Mexico: genetic diversity and maize seed management in a traditional community, Econ. Bot., 51:20-38.

Lovejoy, T. E., 1997. Biodiversity: what is it?, in Biodiversity II: Understanding and Protecting Our Natural Resources, M. L. Reaka-Kudla, D. E. Wilson, and E. O. Wilson, Eds., Joseph Henry Press, Washington, D.C., 7-14.

Maxted, N., Ford-Lloyd, B. V., and Hawkes, J. G., 1997. Plant Genetic Conservation: The In situ Approach, Chapman and Hall, London.

Mendelsohn, R. and Balick, M. J., 1995. The value of undiscovered pharmaceuticals in tropical forests, Econ. Bot., 49:223-228.

Mokyr, J., 1983. Why Ireland Starved: A Quantitative and Analytical History of the Irish Economy, 1800-1850, George Allen & Unwin, London.

National Research Council, 1972. Genetic Vulnerability of Major Crops, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.

Pardey, P. G., Alston, J. M., Christian, J. E., and Fan, S., 1996. Hidden Harvest: U.S. Benefits from International Research Aid, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C.

Pearce, D. W. and Cervigni, R., 1994. The valuation of the contribution of plant genetic resources, in The Appropriation of the Benefits of Plant Genetic Resources for Agriculture: An Economic Analysis of the Alternative Mechanisms for Biodiversity Conservation, T. M. Swanson, Ed., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Commission on Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, 40-80.

Pearce, D. W. and Moran, D., 1994. The Economic Value of Biodiversity, Earthscan, London.

Perrings, C., 1995. Biodiversity conservation as insurance, in The Economics and Ecology of Biodiversity Decline, T. M. Swanson, Ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 69-78.

Perrings, C., Barbier, E. B., Brown, G., Dalmazzone, S., Foke, C., Gadgil, M., Hanley, N., Holling, C. S., Lesser, W. H., Maler, K.-G., Mason, P., Panayatou, T., Turner, R. K., and Wells, M., 1995. The economic value of biodiversity, in Global Biodiversity Assessment, V. H. Heywood and R. T. Watson, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 824-914.

Plucknett, D. L. and Smith, N. J. H., 1986. Sustaining agricultural yields, BioScience, 36:40-45.

Plucknett, D. L., Smith, N. J. H., Williams, J. T., and Anishetty, N. M., 1987. Gene Banks and the World's Food, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

Pray, C. E., 1983. Underinvestment and the demand for agricultural research: a case study of the Punjab, Food Red. Inst. Stud., 19:52-59.

Pray, C. E. and Knudson, M., 1994. Impact of intellectual property rights on genetic diversity: the case of U.S. wheat, Contemp. Econ. Policy, 12:2-12.

Qualset, C. O., Damania, A. B., Zanatta, A. C., and Brush, S. B., 1997. Locally based crop plant conservation, in Plant Genetic Conservation: The In situ Approach, N. B., Maxted, V. Ford-Lloyd, and J. G. Hawkes, Eds., Chapman and Hall, London, 160-175.

Rajaram, S., Singh, R. P., and van Ginkel, M., 1996. Approaches to breed wheat for wide adaptation, rust resistance, and drought, in Proceedings of the 8th Assembly of the Wheat Breeding Society of Australia, 29 September-4 October, 1996, R. A. Richards, C. W. Wrigley, H. M. Rawson, G. J. Rebetzke, J. L. Davidson, and R. I. S Brettell, Eds., Australia, 2-30.

Rasmussen, D. C. and Phillips, R. L., 1997. Plant breeding progress and genetic diversity from de novo variation and elevated epistasis, Crop Sci., 37:303-310.

Reid, W. V., Laird, S. A., Gamez, R., Sittenfield, A., Janzen, D. H., Gollin, M. A., and Juma, C., 1993. A new lease on life, in Biodiversity Prospecting: Using Genetic Resources for Sustainable Development, W. V. Reid, Ed., World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C. (in connection with Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad — Costa Rica, Rainforest Alliance — USA, and African Centre for Technology Studies — Kenya), 1-52.

Rice, E., Blanco, J. L., and Smale, M., 1997. Farmers' Use of Improved Seed Selection Practices in Mexican Maize: Evidence and Issues from the Sierra de Santa Marta, Economics Working Paper 97-04, CIMMYT, Mexico, D.F.

Rosenzweig, M. R., 1988. Risk, implicit contracts, and the family in rural areas of low-income countries, Econ. J., 98:1148-1170.

Rosenzweig, M. R. and Stark, O., 1989. Consumption smoothing, migration, and marriage: evidence from rural India, J. Political Econ., 97: 905-926.

Rosenzweig, M. R. and Wolpin, K. I., 1993. Credit market constraints, consumption smoothing, and the accumulation of durable production assets in low-income countries: investments in bullocks in India, J. Political Econ., 101:223-244.

Ryan, J. C., 1992. Conserving biological diversity, in State of the World 1992: A Worldwatch Institute Report on Progress Toward a Sustainable Society, W. W. Norton and Company, New York, 9-26.

Sen, A. K., 1981. Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Simpson, R. D., Sedjo, R. A., and Reid, J. W., 1996. Valuing biodiversity for use in pharmaceutical research, J. Political Econ., 104:163-185.

Smale, M., 1997. The Green Revolution and wheat genetic diversity: some unfounded assumptions, World Dev., 25:1257-1269.

Smale, M. and McBride, T., 1996. Understanding global trends in the use of wheat diversity and international flows of wheat genetic resources, in Part I of CIMMYT 1995/6 World Wheat Facts and Trends: Understanding Global Trends in the Use of Wheat Diversity and International Flows of Wheat Genetic Resources, CIMMYT, Mexico, D.F.

Sperling, L., Scheidegger, U., and Buruchara, R., 1996. Designing Seed Systems with Small Farmers: Principles Derived from Bean Research in the Great Lakes Region of Africa, Agricultural Research and Extension Network Paper No. 60, Overseas Development Agency, London, England.

Swaney, J. A. and Olson, P. I., 1992. The economics of biodiversity: lives and lifestyles, J. Econ. Issues, 26:1-25.

Swanson, T., 1994. The International Regulation of Extinction, New York University Press, New York.

Tilman, D., 1997. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, in Nature's Services: Social Dependence on Natural Ecosystems, Island Press, Washington, D.C., 93-112.

Townsend, R. M., 1995. Consumption insurance: an evaluation of risk-bearing systems in low-income economies, J. Econ. Perspect., 9(3):83-102.

Udry, C., 1990. Credit markets in northern Nigeria: credit as insurance in a rural economy, World Bank Econ. Rev., 4:251-70.

van der Eng, P., 1994. Development of seed-fertilizer technology in Indonesian rice agriculture, Agric. History, 68:20-53.

Walden, I., 1995. Conserving biodiversity: the role of property rights, in Intellectual Property Rights and Biodiversity Conservation: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of the Values of Medicinal Plants, T. Swanson, Ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 176-197.

Weitzman, M., 1992. On diversity, Q. J. Econ., 107:363-406.

Weitzman, M., 1993. What to preserve: an application of diversity theory to crane conservation, Q. J. Econ., 108:157-184.

Widawsky, D. A., 1996. Varietal diversity and rice yield variability in Chinese rice production, paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Agricultural Economics Association, San Antonio, Texas.

Wood, D. and Lenné, J., 1997. The conservation of agrobiodiversity on-farm: questioning the emerging paradigm, Biodiversity Conserv., 6:106-120.

Zimmerer, K. S., 1991. Labor shortages and crop diversity in the southern Peruvian Sierra, Geogr. Rev., 8:414-442.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment