References

Miracle Farm Blueprint

Organic Farming Manual

Get Instant Access

Agamathu, P. and Broughton, W. J., 1985. Nutrient cycling within the developing oil palm-legume ecosystem, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 13:111-123. Ahring, R. M., 1964. The Management of Buffalograss Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm. for Seed Production in Oklahoma, Tech. Bull. T-109, OK State Univ. Agric. Exp. Stn., Stillwater.

Allen, D. J., 1989. The influence of intercropping with cereals on disease development in legumes, presented at CIMMYT/CIAT Workshop on Research Methods for Cereal/Legume Intercropping in Eastern and Southern Africa, CIAT Regional Bean Program, Arusha, Tanzania.

Anderson, D. W. and Coleman, D. C., 1985. The dynamics of organic matter in grassland soils, J. Soil Water Conserv., 40:211-216.

Andow, D. A., 1986. Plant diversification and insect population control in agroecosystems, in Some Aspects of Integrated Pest Management, D. Pimentel, Ed., Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 277-368.

Andow, D. A., 1990. Population dynamics of an insect herbivore in simple and diverse habitats, Ecology, 71:1006-1017.

Andow, D. A., 1991. Vegetational diversity and arthropod population response, Annu. Rev. Entomol., 36:561-586.

Bach, C. E., 1980. Effects of plant density and diversity on the population dynamics of a specialist herbivore, the striped cucumber beetle, Acalymma vittata (Fab.), Ecology, 61:1515-1530.

Bargman, T. J., Hanners, G. D., Becker, R., Saunders, R. M., and Rupnow, J. H., 1989. Compositional and nutritional evaluation of eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides (L.) L), a perennial relative of maize (Zea mays L.), Lebensm. Wiss. Technol., 22:208-212.

Barker, A. A. and Piper, J. K., 1995. Growth and seed yield of three grassland perennials in monocultures and mixtures, in Prairie Biodiversity: Proceedings of the 14th North American Prairie Conference, D. C. Hartnett, Ed., Kansas State University Press, Manhattan, 193-197.

Barnett, F. L. and Posler, G. L., 1983. Performance of cool-season perennial grasses in pure stand and in mixtures with legumes, Agron. J., 75:582-586.

Berg, W. A., 1990. Herbage production and nitrogen accumulation by alfalfa and Cicer Milkvetch in the southern plains, Agron. J., 82:224-229.

Bjerke, K., 1991. An overview of the agricultural resources conservation program, in The Conservation Reserve — Yesterday, Today and Forever, L. A. Joyce, J. E. Mitchell, and M. D. Skold, Eds., USDA Forest Service, Washington, D.C., 7-10.

Blair, A., Zahm, S. H., Pearce, N. E., Heineman, E. F., and Fraumeni, J. F., Jr., 1992. Clues to cancer etiology from studies of farmers, Scand. J. Work Environ. Health, 18:209-215.

Blank, R. R. and Fosberg, M. A., 1989. Cultivated and adjacent virgin soils in northcentral South Dakota: I. Chemical and physical comparisons, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 53:1484-1490.

Bottenberg, H. and Irwin, M. E., 1992a. Canopy structure in soybean monocultures and soybean-sorghum mixtures: impact on aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) landing rates, Environ. Entomol., 21:542-548.

Bottenberg, H. and Irwin, M. E., 1992b. Flight and landing activity of Rhopalosiphum maidis (Homoptera: Aphididae) in bean monocultures and bean-corn mixtures, J. Entomol. Soc., 27:143-153.

Bottenberg, H. and Irwin, M. E., 1992c. Using mixed cropping to limit seed mottling induced by soybean mosaic virus, Plant Dis., 76:304-306.

Brophy, L. S., Heichel, G. H., and Russelle, M. P., 1987. Nitrogen transfer from forage legumes to grass in a systematic planting design, Crop Sci., 27:753-758.

Burdon, J. J., 1987. Diseases and Plant Population Biology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Burke, I. C., Lauenroth, W. K., and Coffin, D. P., 1995. Soil organic matter recovery in semiarid grasslands: implications for the Conservation Reserve Program, Ecol. Applic., 5:793-801.

Buyanovsky, G. A., Kuceraand, C. L., and Wagner, G. H., 1987. Comparative analyses of carbon dynamics in native and cultivated ecosystems, Ecology, 68:2023-2031.

Campbell, C. A. and Souster, W., 1982. Loss of organic matter and potentially mineralizable nitrogen from Sasketchewan due to cropping, Can. J. Soil Sci., 62:651-656.

Carson, R., 1962. Silent Spring, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA.

Case, T. J., 1990. Invasion resistance arises in strongly interacting species-rich model competition communities, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 87:9610-9614.

Clark, E. A. and Francis, C. A., 1985. Transgressive yielding in bean:maize intercrops; interference in time and space, Field Crops Res., 11:37-53.

Cleveland, C. J., 1995. The direct and indirect use of fossil fuels and electricity in USA agriculture, 1910-1990, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 55:111-121.

Cohen, B., Wiles, R., and Bondoc, E., 1995. Weed Killers by the Glass, Environmental Working Group, Washington, D.C.

Coll, M. and Bottrell, D. G., 1994. Effects of nonhost plants on an insect herbivore in diverse habitats, Ecology, 75 : 723-731.

Davis, J. H. C., van Beuningen, L., Ortiz, W. V., and Pino, C., 1984. Effect of growth habit of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) on tolerance to competition from maize when intercropped, Crop Sci., 24:751-755.

Davis, J. H. C., Woolley, J. N., and Moreno, P. A., 1986. Multiple cropping with legumes and starchy roots, in Multiple Cropping Systems, C. A. Francis, Ed., Macmillan, New York, 133-160.

Dewald, C. L., Burson, B. L., de Wet, J. M. J., and Harlan, J. R., 1987. Morphology, inheritance and evolutionary significance of sex reversal in Tripsacum dactyloides (Poaceae), Am. J. Bot, 74:1055-1059.

de Wet, J. M. J. and Harlan, J. R., 1978. Tripsacum and the origin of maize, in Maize Breeding and Genetics, D. B. B. Walden, Ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 129-141.

Drake, J. A., 1990a. The mechanics of community assembly and succession, J. Theor. Biol., 147:1-28.

Drake, J. A., 1990b. Communities as assembled structures: do rules govern pattern?, Trends Ecol.Evol., 5:159-164.

Drake, J. A., 1991. Community assembly mechanics and the structure of an experimental species ensemble, Am. Nat., 131:1-26.

Drake, J. A., Flum, T. E., Witteman, G. J., Voskuil, T., Hoylman, A. M., Creson, C., Kenney, D. A., Huxel, G. R., LaRue, C. S., and Duncan, J. R., 1993. The Construction and assembly of an ecological landscape, J. Anim. Ecol., 62:117-130.

Edwards, C. A. and Lofty, J. F., 1975. The influence of cultivation on animal populations, in Progress in Soil Biology, J. Vanek, Ed., Academia Publ., Prague, Czechoslovakia, 399-408.

Eissenstat, D. M., 1990. A comparison of phosphorus and nitrogen transfer between plants of different phosphorus status, Oecologia, 82:342-347.

Elmstrom, K. M., Andow, D. A., and Barclay, W. W., 1988. Flea beetle movement in a broccoli monoculture and diculture, Environ. Entomol., 17:299-305.

Ensign, R. D., Hickey, V. G., and Bernardo, M. E., 1983. Seed yield of Kentucky bluegrass as affected by post-harvest residue removal, Agron. J., 75:549-551.

Evers, G. W., 1983. Weed control on warm season perennial grass pastures with clovers, Crop Sci., 23:170-171.

Francis, C. A., 1986. Multiple Cropping Systems, Macmillan, New York.

Francis, C. A., Prager, M., and Tejada, G., 1982. Effects of relative planting dates in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and maize (Zea mays L.) intercropping, Field Crops Res., 5:45-54.

Gebhart, D. L., Johnson, H. B., Mayeaux, H. S., and Polley, H. W., 1994. The CRP increases soil organic matter, J. Soil Water Conserv., 49:488-492.

Gilpin, M. E., 1987. Experimental community assembly: competition, community structure and the order of species introductions, in Restoration Ecology: A Synthetic Approach to Ecological Research, W. R. Jordan, M. Gilpin, and J. Aber, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 151-161.

Goodman, P. J. and Collison, M., 1982. Varietal differences in uptake of 32P labelled phosphate in clover plus ryegrass swards and monocultures, Ann. Appl. Biol., 100:559-565.

Great Plains Flora Association, 1986. Flora of the Great Plains, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.

Hallberg, G. R., 1986. From hoes to herbicides: agriculture and groundwater quality, J. Soil Water Conserv., 41:357-364

Halvorson, J. J., Smith, J. L., and Franz, E. H., 1991. Lupine influence on soil carbon, nitrogen and microbial activity in developing ecosystems at Mount St. Helens, Oecologia, 87:162-170.

Haynes, R. J., 1980. Competitive aspects of the grass-legume association, Adv. Agron., 33:227-261.

Hileman, B., 1994. Environmental estrogens linked to reproductive abnormalities, cancer, Chem. Eng. News, 72:19-23.

Holt, R. D., Robinson, G. R., and Gaines, M. S., 1995. Vegetation dynamics in an experimentally fragmented landscape, Ecology, 76:1610-1624.

Horvitz, C. C. and Schemske, D. W., 1988. Demographic cost of reproduction in a neotropical herb: an experimental fields study, Ecology, 69:1741-1745.

Irwin, M. E. and Kampmeier, G. E., 1989. Vector behavior, environmental stimuli, and the dynamics of plant virus epidemics, in Spatial Components of Plant Disease Epidemics., M. J. Jeger, Ed., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 14-39.

Jackson, L. L. and Dewald, C. L., 1994. Predicting evolutionary consequences of greater reproductive effort in Tripsacum dactyloides, a perennial grass, Ecology, 75:627-641.

Jastrow, J. D., 1987. Changes in soil aggregation associated with tallgrass prairie restoration, Am. J. Bot., 74:1656-1664

Jastrow, J. D. and Miller, R. M., 1993. Neighbor influences on root morphology and mycor-rhizal fungus colonization in tallgrass prairie plants, Ecology, 74:561-569.

Jordan, J. P., O'Donnell, P. F., and Robinson, R. R., 1986. Historical evolution of the state agricultural experiment station system, in New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research, K. A. Dahlberg, Ed., Rowman and Allanheld, Totowa, 147-162.

Kareiva, P. M., 1985. Finding and losing host plants by Phyllotreta: patch size and surrounding habitat, Ecology, 66:1809-1816.

Kindscher, K. and Wells, P. V., 1995. Prairie plant guilds: a multivariate analysis of prairie species based on ecological and morphological traits, Vegetatio, 117:29-50.

Komarov, V. L., 1934. Flora of the U.S.S.R. II. Gramineae, Bot. Inst. Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R., Leningrad. [Translation. Office of Technical Services, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., 1963.]

Larson, W. E., Lindstrom, M. J., and Schumacher, T. E., 1997. The role of ssevere storms in soil erosion: a problem needing consideration, J. Soil Water Conserv., 52:90-95.

Letourneau, D. K., 1987. The enemies hypothesis: tritrophic interaction and vegetational diversity in tropical agroecosystems, Ecology, 68:1616-1622.

Letourneau, D. K. and Altieri, M. A., 1983. Abundance patterns of a predator, Orius tristicolor (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), and its prey, Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thrip-idae) in polycultures versus monocultures, Environ. Entomol., 12: 1464-1469.

Liebman, M., 1988. Ecological suppression of weeds in intercropping systems: a review, in Weed Management in Agroecosystems: Ecological Approaches, M. A. Altieri and M. Liebman, Eds., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 197-212.

Liebman, M. and Dyck, E., 1993. Crop rotation and intercropping strategies for weed management, Ecol. Appl., 3:92-122.

Lovins, A. B., Lovins, L. H., and Bender, M., 1995. Agriculture and energy, Enc. Energy Technol. Environ., 1:11-18.

Luh, H.-K. and Pimm, S. L., 1993. The assembly of ecological communities: a minimalist approach, J. Anim. Ecol., 62:749-765.

Mallarino, A. P., Wedin, W. F., Perdomo, C. H., Goyenola, R. S., and West, C. P., 1990. Nitrogen transfer from white clover, red clover, and birdsfoot trefoil to associated grass, Agron. J., 82:790-795.

McConnell, S. G. and Quinn, M.-L., 1988. Soil productivity of four land use systems in southeastern Montana, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 52:500-506.

McNaughton, S. J., 1977. Diversity and stability of ecological communities: a comment on the role of empiricism in ecology, Am. Nat., 111:515-525.

McNaughton, S. J., 1985. Ecology of a grazing system: the Serengeti, Ecol. Monogr., 55:259-294.

Miller, R. M. and Jastrow, J. D., 1993. Mycorrhizal fungal and floristic diversity in a succes-sional tallgrass prairie, in Abstracts of the 9th North American Conference on Mycor-rhizae, L. Peterson and M. Schelkle, Eds., Guelph, Ontario, 21.

Mueller-Warrant, G. W., Young, W. C., III, and Mellbye, M. E., 1994. Influence of residue removal method and herbicides on perennial ryegrass seed production: II. Crop tolerance, Agron. J., 86:684-690.

Muto, P. J., 1990. Evaluation of Illinois bundleflower and eastern gamagrass germplasm in monocultures and bicultures, Land Inst. Res. Rep., 7:25-28.

Naeem, S., Thompson, L. J., Lawlor, S. P., Lawton, J. H., and Woodfin, R. M., 1994. Declining biodiversity can alter the performance of ecosystems, Nature, 368:734-737.

Olson, R., Francis, C., and Kaffka, S., 1995. Exploring the Role of Diversity in Sustainable Agriculture, American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, Madison.

Opie, J., 1993. Ogallala: Water for a Dry Land, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

Osborn, T., 1993. The Conservation Reserve Program: status, future, and policy options, J. Soil Water Conserv., 48:271-278.

Paustian, K., Andrén, O., Clarholm, M., Hansson, A.-C., Johansson, G., Lagerlöf, J., Lindberg, T., Pettersson, R., and Sohlenius, B., 1990. Carbon and nitrogen budgets of four agro-ecosystems with annual and perennial crops, with and without N fertilization, J. Appl. Ecol., 27:60-84.

Pimentel, D., 1984. Energy flow in agroecosystems, in Agricultural Ecosystems, R. Lowrance, B. R. Stinner, and G. J. House, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 121-132.

Pimentel, D., McLaughlin, L., Zepp, A., Lakitan, B., Kraus, T., Kleinman, P., Vacini, F., Roach, W. J., Graap, E., Keeton, W. S., and Selig, G., 1991. Environmental and economic effects of reducing pesticide use, BioScience, 41:402-409.

Pimentel, D., Harvey, C., Resosudarmo, P., Sinclair, K., Kurz, D., McNair, M., Crist, S., Shpritz, L., Fitton, L., Saffouri, R., and Blair, R., 1995. Environmental and economic costs of soil erosion and conservation benefits, Science, 267:1117-1123.

Piper, J. K., 1992. Size structure and seed yield over 4 years in an experimental Cassia marilandica (Leguminosae) population, Can. J. Bot., 70:1324-1330.

Piper, J. K., 1993a. Soil, water and nutrient change in stands of three perennial crops, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 57:497-505.

Piper, J. K., 1993b. A grain agriculture fashioned in nature's image: the work of The Land Institute, Great Plains Res., 3:249-272.

Piper, J. K., 1993c. Neighborhood effects on growth, seed yield, and weed biomass for three perennial grains in polyculture, J. Sustain. Agric., 4(2):11-31.

Piper, J. K., 1995. Composition of prairie plant communities on productive versus unproductive sites in wet and dry years, Can. J. Bot., 73:1635-1644.

Piper, J. K., 1996. Density of Anomoea flavokansiensis on Desmanthus illinoensis in monoculture and polyculture, Entomol. Exp. Appl., 81:105-111.

Piper, J. K., 1998. Growth and seed yield of three perennial grains within monocultures and mixed stands, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 68:1-11.

Piper, J. K. and Kulakow, P. A., 1994. Seed yield and resource allocation in Sorghum bicolor and F1 and backcross generations of S. bicolor x S. halepense hybrids, Can. J. Bot., 72:468-474.

Piper, J., Henson, J., Bruns, M., and Bender, M., 1988. Seed yield and quality comparison of herbaceous perennials and annual crops, in Global Perspectives on Agroecology and Sustainable Agricultural Systems, P. Allen and D. Van Dusen, Eds., University of California, Santa Cruz, 715-719.

Piper, J. K., Handley, M. K., and Kulakow, P. A., 1996. Incidence and severity of viral disease symptoms on eastern gamagrass within monoculture and polycultures, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 59:139-147.

Posler, G. L., Lenssen, A. W., and Fine, G. L., 1993. Forage yield, quality, compatibility, and persistence of warm-season grass — legume mixtures, Agron. J., 85:554-560.

Post, W. M. and Pimm, S. L., 1983. Community assembly and food web stability, Math. Biosci., 64:169-192.

Power, A. G., 1987. Plant community diversity, herbivore movement, and an insect-transmitted disease of maize, Ecology, 68:1658-1669.

Radke, J. K. and Hagstrom, R. T., 1976. Strip intercropping for wind protection, in Mutliple Cropping, American Society for Agronomy Special Publication No. 27, R. I. Papendick, P. A. Sanchez, and G. B. Triplett, Eds., American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, 201-222.

Rathcke, B., 1984. Competition and facilitation among plants for pollination, in Pollination Biology, L. Real, Ed., Academic Press, Orlando, 305-329.

Reekie, E. G. and Bazzaz, F. A., 1987. Reproductive effort in plants — 3: Effect of reproduction on vegetative activity, Am. Nat., 129:907-919.

Richter, D. D., Babbar, L. I., Huston, M. A., and Jaeger, M., 1990. Effects of annual tillage on organic carbon in a fine-textured Udalf: the importance of root dynamics to soil carbon storage, Soil Sci., 149:78-83.

Risch, S. J., 1981. Insect herbivore abundance in tropical monocultures and polycultures: an experimental test of two hypotheses, Ecology, 62: 1325-1340.

Risch, S. J., Andow, D., and Altieri, M. A., 1983. Agroecosystem diversity and pest control: data, tentative conclusions, and new research directions, Environ. Entomol., 12:625-629.

Roberts, A. and Tregonning, K., 1981. The robustness of natural systems, Nature, 288:265-266.

Robinson, J. V. and Dickerson, J. E., Jr., 1987. Does invasion sequence affect community structure?, Ecology, 68:587-595.

Schoenau, J. J., Stewart, J. W. B., and Bettany, J. R., 1989. Forms of cycling of phosphorus inprairie and boreal forest soils, Biogeochemistry, 8:223-237.

Seifers, D. L., Handley, M. K., and Bowden, R. L., 1993. Sugarcane mosaic virus strain maize dwarf mosaic virus B as a pathogen of eastern gamagrass, Plant Dis., 77:335-339.

Simpson, J. R., 1965. The transference of nitrogen from pasture legumes associated with grass under several systems of management in pot culture, Aust. J. Agric. Res., 16:915-926.

Singh, B. and Sekhon, G. S., 1979. Nitrate pollution of groundwater from farm use of nitrogen fertilizers — a review, Agric. Environ., 4:207-225.

Smith, M. E. and Francis, C. A., 1986. Breeding for multiple cropping systems, in Multiple Cropping Systems, C. A. Francis, Ed., Macmillan, New York, 219-249.

Soule, J. D. and Piper, J. K., 1992. Farming in Nature's Image: An Ecological Approach to Agriculture, Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Tahvanainen, J. O. and Root, R., 1972. The Influence of vegetational diversity on the population ecology of a specialized herbivore, Phyllotreta cruciferae (Coleoptera: Chrysomel-idae), Oecologia, 10:321-346.

Thompson, T., Zimmerman, D., and Robers, C., 1981. Wild Helianthus as a genetic resource, Field Crops Res., 4:333-343.

Tilman, D., 1985. The resource-ratio hypothesis of plant succession, Am. Nat., 125:827-852.

Tilman, D. and Downing, J. A., 1994. Biodiversity and stability in grasslands, Nature, 367:363-365.

Tilman, D. and El Haddi, A., 1992. Drought and biodiversity in grasslands, Oecologia, 89:257-264.

Tilman, D., Wedin, D., and Knops, J., 1996. Productivity and sustainability influenced by biodiversity in grassland ecosystems, Nature, 379:718-720.

Tregonning, K. and Roberts, A., 1979. Complex systems which evolve towards homeostasis, Nature, 281:563-564.

Trenbath, B. R., 1976. Plant interactions in mixed crop communities, in Multiple Cropping, American Society for Agronomy Special Publication No. 2, R. I. Papendick, P. A. Sanchez, and G. B. Triplett, Eds., American Society for Agronomy, Madison, 129-170.

Tukahira, E. M. and Coaker, T. H., 1982. Effect of mixed cropping on some insect pests of Brassicas; reduced Brevicoryne brassicae infestations and influences on epigeal predators and the disturbance of oviposition behavior in Delia brassicae, Entomol. Exp. Appl., 32:129-140.

Vandermeer, J. H., 1980. Indirect mutualism: variations on a theme by Stephen Levine, Am. Nat., 116:441-448.

Vandermeer, J. H., 1989. The Ecology of Intercropping, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

van Kessel, C., Singleton, P. W., and Hoben, H. J., 1985. Enhanced N-transfer from soybean to maize by vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi, Plant Physiol., 79:562-563.

Wagmare, A. B. and Singh, S. P., 1984. Sorghum-legume intercropping and its effects on nitrogen fertilization. I. Yield and nitrogen uptake by crops, Exp. Agric., 20:251-259.

Wagoner, P., 1990. Perennial grain development — past efforts and potential for the future, CRC Crit. Rev. Plant Sci., 9:381-408.

Woods, L. E., 1989. Active organic matter distribution in the surface 15 cm of undisturbed and cultivated soil, Biol. Fertil. Soils, 8:271-278.

Zahm, S. H. and Blair, A., 1992. Pesticides and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Cancer Res. (Suppl.), 52:5485s-5488s.

Zaki, M. H., Moran, D., and Harris, D., 1982. Pesticides in groundwater: the aldicarb story in Suffolk County, N.Y., Am. J. Public Health, 72:1391-1395. Zitter, T. A. and Simons, J. N., 1980. Management of viruses by alteration of vector efficiency and by cultural practices, Annu. Rev. Phytopathol., 18:289-310.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment