The components of the Strategy are interdependent, and require concurrent implementation to maximize cost-effectiveness, generate momentum, and guarantee
success over time. Still, once the guidelines and basic infrastructure are in place, involvement must be developed over time, as human and financial resources become available.
The collective collaborative effort being developed to implement the Strategy is termed the Initiative for Domestic Animal Diversity (iDAD). The Initiative comprises all stakeholders: the countries themselves — their farmers, governments, and focal points; financial institutions; international agencies; and nongovernmental organizations, including the commercial sector. Figure 3 summarizes the Initiative. An informal mechanism for stakeholder involvement is being developed utilizing both real and virtual conferencing to achieve the range and continuity of involvement required. Building upon the Strategy, the key objectives of the Initiative are summarized in Table 4.
Table 4 Objectives of the Initiative for Domestic Animal Diversity
• Support and develop a global, country-based structure to assist countries;
• Help countries design and implement action plans and management strategies;
• Promote a better understanding of farm AnGR and the threats to them;
• Facilitate the use and improvement of locally adapted genetic resources;
• Establish the comparative uniqueness of resources in order to maximize the cost-effectiveness of their management;
• Enable the maintenance of unique AnGR by assisting development of national and global genome banks;
• Ensure the Strategy conforms to the CBD;
• Stimulate and coordinate the involvement of the range of stakeholders;
• Promote and enable intergovernmental discussion and policy development;
• Promote development and use of better technologies for cost-effective strategies;
• Upgrade training and facilitate capacity building;
• Be aware of the status of the world domestic animal diversity; and
• Facilitate access to irreplaceable animal genetic resources.
Table 5 Species of Livestock Receiving
Initial Focus in the Global Strategy
Ass Buffalo Camel Cattle
Rabbit Sheep Turkey
The Strategy will be implemented over 15 years, progressing through the phases of implementation from awareness and development of a global structure for coordination, to assisting countries implement national action strategies. The FAO governing body has requested the focus initially be on the 14 or so most important livestock species which account for over 90% of agriculture and food production (Table 5).
As the UN technical secretariat for agriculture, FAO is uniquely placed to facilitate, coordinate, and report on AnGR. FAO is providing some essential core resources for the operation of the Global Focus for the iDAD. However, it is neither possible nor appropriate for FAO to provide all the human, financial, and other resources required for effective implementation of the Strategy.
The Strategy aims to increase awareness and understanding of AnGR, markedly improve their use and sustainable development, upgrade the maintenance of unique resources, and enable improved access and benefit sharing. It will promote international collaboration and markedly increase the cost-effectiveness of AnGR-related initiatives worldwide, avoiding duplication of effort. The Strategy provides for a range of bilateral and multilateral assistance and for public and private sector support. It is important to note that such support need not necessarily be through FAO. Importantly, the Strategy provides for countries to discuss and develop directly the broad range of policy issues concerned with the critical upgrading now required for the management of AnGR of interest to food and agriculture, with their improved characterization, use, development, maintenance, and access.
Based on compelling evidence and experiences, specific benefits associated with the Strategy include the following:
1. Framework for country assistance and action planning:
a. A structural framework to assist countries manage their AnGR;
b. A mechanism for country decision making and international policy development;
c. An integrated and comprehensive technical framework to provide direction for national effort, promote expert comment and advice prior to expensive implementation of action plans, and give sound guidance for the maintenance of action strategies; and
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