References

1. Dhariwal HS, Kawai M, Uchimiya H. Genetic engineering for abiotic stress tolerance in plants. Plant Biotech 1998; 15:1-10.

2. Bertani A, Brambilla I, Menegus F. Effect of anaerobiosis on rice seedlings: Growth, metabolic rate, and fate of fermentation products. J Exp Bot 1980; 31:325-331.

3. Raymond P, Al-Ani A, Pradet A. ATP production by respiration and fermentation, and energy charge during aerobio-sis and anaerobiosis in twelve fatty acid starch germinating seeds. Plant Phys 1985; 79:879-884.

4. Setter TL, Ella ES. Relationship between coleoptile elongation and alcoholic fermentation in rice exposed to anoxia. I. Importance of treatment conditions and different tissues. Ann Bot 1994; 74:265-271.

5. Atkinson DE. The energy charge of ade-nylate pool as a regulatory parameter. Interaction with feedback modifiers. Biochem 1968; 7:4030-4034.

6. Noda LH. Adenylate kinase. In: Boyer PD, ed. The Enzymes. New York: Academic Press, 1973:279-305.

7. Kawai M, Kidou S, Kato A, Uchimiya H. Molecular characterization of cDNA encoding for adenylate kinase of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant J 1992; 2:845-854.

8. Kawai M, Uchimiya H. Biochemical properties of rice adenylate kinase and subcellular location in plant cells. Plant Mol Biol 1995; 27:943-951.

9. Kawai M, Uchimiya H. Tissue-specific localization of adenylate kinase in rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants. J Plant Phys 1995; 146:239-243.

10. Samarajeewa PK, Kawai M, Anai T et al. Sodium chloride stimulates adenylate kinase level in seedlings of salt-sensitive rice varieties. J Plant Phys 1995; 147:277-280.

11. Kawai M, Umeda M, Uchimiya H. Stimulation of adenylate kinase in rice seedlings under submergence stress. J Plant Phys 1998; 152:533-539.

12. Jackson MB, Waters I, Setter T et al. Injury to rice plants caused by complete submergence; a contribution by ethylene (ethene). J Exp Bot 1987; 38:1826-1838.

13. Armstrong W. Radial oxygen losses from rice roots as affected by distance from the apex, respiration and water logging. Physiol Plant 1971; 25:192-197.

14. Webb T, Armstrong W. The effects of anoxia and carbohydrates on the growth and viability of rice, pea and pumpkin roots. J Exp Bot 1983; 34:579-603.

15. Sachs MM, Ho THD. Alteration of gene expression during environmental stress in plants. Ann Rev Plant Phys 1986; 7:363-376.

16. Justin SHFW, Armstrong W. The anatomical characteristics of roots and plant response to soil flooding. New Phytol 1987; 106:465-495.

17. Davis DD. Anaerobic metabolism and the production of organic acids. In: Biochemistry of Plants, London: Academic Press 1980; 2:581-611.

18. Dolferus R, deBruxelles G, Denis E et al. Regulation of the Arabidopsis Adh gene by anaerobic and other environmental stress. Ann Bot 1994; 74:301-308.

19. Cobb BG, Kennedy RA. Distribution of alcohol dehydrogenase in roots and shoots of rice (Oryza sativa) and Echinochloa seedlings. Plant Cell Environ 1987; 10:633-638.

20. Xie Y, Wu R. Rice alcohol dehydrogenase genes: Anaerobic induction, organ-specific regulation and characterization of cDNA clones. Plant Mol Biol 1989; 13:53-68.

21. Ricard B, Rivoal J, Pradet A. Rice cyto-solic glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehy-drogenase contains two subunits differentially regulated by anaerobiosis. Plant Mol Biol 1989; 12:131-139.

22. Perata P, Guglielminetti L, Alpi A. Mobilization of endosperm reserves in cereal seeds under anoxia. Annals Bot 1997; 79:49-56.

23. Umeda M, Uchimiya H. Differential transcript levels of genes associated with gly-colysis and alcohol fermentation in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.) under submergence stress. Plant Phys 1994; 106:1015-1022.

24. Perata P, Geshi N, Yamaguchi J et al. Effect of anoxia on the induction of a-amylase in cereal seeds. Planta 1993; 191:402-408.

25. Mittler R, Lam E. In situ detection of nDNA fragmentation during the differentiation of tracheary elements in higher plants. Plant Phys 1995; 108:489-493.

26. Davies RA, Singh MB, Knox RB. Identification and in situ localization of pollen-specific genes. Int Rew Cytol 1992; 140:19-34.

27. Delong A, Calderon-Urrea A, Dellaporta SL. Sex determination gene TASSELSEED2 of maize encodes a short- chain alcohol dehydrogenase required for stage-specific floral organ abortion. Cell 1993; 74:757-768.

28. Drew MC, Jackson MB, Giffard S. Ethy-lene-promoted adventitious rooting and development of cortical air spaces (aeren-chyma) in roots may be adaptive responses to flooding in Zea mays L. Planta 1979; 147:83-88.

29. Kawai M, Samarajeewa PK, Barrero RA et al. Cellular dissection of the degradation pattern of cortical cell death during aerenchyma formation of rice roots. Planta 1998; 204:277-287.

30. Roberts JKM, Callis J, Wemmer D et al. Mechanism of cytoplasmic pH regulation in hypoxic maize root tips and its role in survival under hypoxia. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1984; 81:3379-3383.

31. Drew MC, Jackson MB, Giffard SC et al. Inhibition by silver ions of gas space (aerenchyma) formation in adventitious roots of Zea mays L. subjected to exogenous ethylene or to oxygen deficiency. Planta 1981; 153:217-224.

32. Jackson MB, Fenning TM, Drew MC et al. Stimulation of ethylene production and gas-space (aerenchyma) formation in adventitious roots of Zea mays L. by small partial pressures of oxygen. Planta 1985; 165:486-492.

33. Lucas WJ (1995) Plasmodesmata: Intercellular channels for macromolecular transport in plants. Curr Opin Cell Biol 1995; 7:673-680.

34. Levine A, Tenhaken R, Dixon R et al. H2O2 from the oxidative burst orchestrates the plant hypersensitive disease resistance response. Cell 1994; 79:583-593.

35. Yeo AR, Flowers TJ. Accumulation and localization of sodium ions within the shoots of rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties differing in salinity resistance. Physiol Planta 1982; 56:343-348.

36. Greenway H, Munns R. Mechanisms of salt tolerance in nonhalophytes. Annu Rev Plant Phys 1980; 31:149-190.

37. Jeschke WD, Wolf O. External potassium supply is not required for root growth in saline conditions: Experiments with Ricinus communis L. grown in a reciprocal split-root system. J Exp Bot 1988; 39:1149-1167.

38. Samarajeewa PK, Barrero RA, Umeda-Hara C et al. Cortical cell death, cell proliferation, macromolecular movement and rTipl expression pattern in roots of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under NaCl stress. Planta 1999; 207:354-361.

39. Hajibagheri MA, Yeo AR, Flowers TJ. Salt tolerance in Suaeda maritima (L.) Dum. fine structure and ion concentrations in the apical region of roots. New Phytol 1985; 99:331-343.

40. Serrato-Valenti G, Ferro M, Ferraro D, Riveros F. Anatomical changes in Prosopis tamarugo Phil. seedlings growing at different levels of NaCl salinity. Ann Bot 1991; 68:47-53.

41. Ishikawa H, Evans ML. Specialized zones of development in roots. Plant Physiol 1995; 109:725-727.

Section VII Introduction

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Organic Gardeners Composting

Organic Gardeners Composting

Have you always wanted to grow your own vegetables but didn't know what to do? Here are the best tips on how to become a true and envied organic gardner.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment