National Legislation Policies and International Agreements

The national plant genetic resources collections sre protected by legislation. The regulations on collection, conservation and utilization of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR Code of Conduct) were published in the Official Gazette on 15 August 1992. The responsibilities of related institutions, including the institutes of MARA, universities or the institutes of other ministries and other related institutions working on related aspects of PGR are described, as well as cooperation with foreign institutions, IARCs and CGIAR centers. The plant genetic resources exchange mechanism has also been regulated according to specific principles.

Turkey is also a member of FAO commission on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and adheres to the International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources. Turkey has actively contributed to the preparation of the Global Plan of Action (GPA) and the Report on the State of the World's Plant Genetic Resources, presented in a national report, and participated in the intergovernmental meetings and Fourth International Technical Conference that culminated in the formal adoption of GPA. Turkey has had close cooperation with IBPGR/IPGRI since its establishment, and is a member of the European Cooperative Program for Conservation and Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources (ECP/GR) and of the West Asia and North Africa Plant Genetic Resources Network (WANANET) of IPGRI. Turkey is a signatory of the Bern Convention and RAMSAR Convention. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was signed in 1992 and ratified by Turkish Government in 1996. Turkey has also signed CITES.

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