Agricultural Extension

The increasing complexity of production environment demands efficiency, information, dissemination and training in the use of modern technologies. For this, an appropriate extension service needs to be in place to stimulate and encourage both top-down and bottom-up flow of information between farmers, extension workers and researchers. Technology transfer, in order to be effective, must be preceded and succeeded by technology assessment. How reliable an assessment has been can be judged by the effectiveness of transfer of a given technology. Therefore, technology assessment and technology transfer are complementary to each other. Technol ogy transfer must be based on needs and capabilities of agro-ecological settings, resource endowments, agro-production and distribution systems and farm households. Transfer of farmworthy technology is vital for harnessing the fruits of research. In this endeavor, re-orienting of agricultural extension systems to respond to the changing diverse needs of different agro-climatic situations would be important. Special emphasis will have to be given to the extension needs of hilly, tribal and rainfed areas, and especially the needs of women in agriculture.

The priorities in the area of front-line extension approach would necessitate:

1. Stress on technology assessment, refinement and transfer through Institute-Village Linkage Programs;

2. Analysis of cost-risk return structure of major farming systems in different agro-eco-regions/subregions;

3. Consensus on the unified and field tested recommendations to the farmers;

4. Technology dissemination through active involvement of mass media;

5. Accelerated interface, between public/ private and research/development systems.

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