References

Ayuk, E.T. 2001. Social, economic, and policy dimensions of soil organic matter management in Sub-Saharan Africa: challenges and opportunities. Nutrient Cycling Agroecosyst., 61:183-195.

Badiane, A.N., M. Khouma, and M. Sène. 2000. Région de Diourbel: Gestion des sols. Drylands Research Working Paper, Somerset, United Kingdom.

Badiane, A.N. and B. Lesage. 1996. Rapport Annuel. 1995: Gestion des ressources naturelles en zone sèch. Opération fixation azote et recyclage matière organique. Bureau C.N.R.A., Bambey, Senegal.

Batjes, N.H. 2001. Options for increasing carbon sequestration in West African soils: an exploratory study with special focus on Senegal. Land Degradation Dev., 12:131-142.

Bellon, M.R. 2001. Participatory Research Methods for Technical Evaluation: A Manual for Scientists Working with Farmers. Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maízy Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico City.

Bernard, R.H. 1994. Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Centre de Suivi Ecologique. 2000. Annuaire sur l'environnement et les ressources naturelles du Sénég. Centre de Suivi Ecologique, Dakar, Senegal.

Chambers, R. 1997. Whose Reality Counts? Putting the First Last. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Christopherson, A.K. and A. Faye. 1999. Farmer-Perspective Financial and Economic Analysis, Annex C, Impact Assessment of the AG/NRM Strategic Objective of USAID Senegal (Old SO2). Vol. 2. Prepared for U.S. Agency for International Development/ Senegal, Environmental Policy Indefinite Quality Contract (EPIQ).

Copans, J. 1988. Les marabouts de l'arachide: La confrérie mouride et les paysans du Séné. L'Harmattan, Paris.

Davies, S. 1996. Adaptable Livelihoods: Coping with Food Insecurity in the Malian Sahel. Macmillan Press, Houndmills, Basingstoke, United Kingdom; St. Martin's Press, New York.

Defoer, T., H. De Groote, T. Hilhorst, S. Kante, and A. Budelman. 1998. Participatory action research and quantitative analysis for nutrient management in southern Mali: a fruitful marriage? Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 71:215-228.

Devereux, S. 1993. Goats Before Ploughs: Dilemmas of Household Response Sequencing During Food Shortages. Institute for Development Studies Bulletin 24. Institute for Development Studies, Brighton, United Kingdom.

Dilley, M. and T.E. Boudreau. 2001. Coming to terms with vulnerability: a critique of the food security definition. Food Policy, 26:229-247.

Direction de l'Analyse, de la Prévision et des Statistiques/Division de Statastiques, Documentation et Information Agricole (DAPS/DSDIA). 2001.

Food and Agriculture Organization. 2002. The State of Food and Agriculture. FAO, Rome.

Food and Agriculture Organization, and UN Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. 1974. Soil Map of the World, 1:5000000. Vol. 1, Legend. UNESCO, Paris.

Freudenberger, K. and M. Schoonmaker. 1994. Livelihoods, livestock and change: the versatility and richness of historical matrices. RRA (Rapid Rural Appraisal) Notes, 20:144-148, IIED (International Institute for Environment and Development), England.

Gladwin, C.H., A.M. Thomson, J.S. Peterson, and A.S. Anderson. 2001. Addressing food security in Africa via multiple strategies of women farmers. Food Policy, 26:177-207.

Guijt, I. and J.N. Pretty. 1992. Participatory Rural Appraisal for Farmer Participatory Research in Punjab, Pakistan. International Institute for Environment and Development, London.

High Performance Systems. 2000. Stella: An Introduction to Systems Thinking. High Performance Systems, Hanover, NH.

Hunt, D. 1991. Farm system and household economy as frameworks for prioritising and appraising technical research: a critical appraisal of current approaches. In M. Haswell and D. Hunt, Eds. Rural Households in Emerging Societies: Technology and Change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berg, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 49-76.

Izac, A.-M.N. 1997. Developing policies for soil carbon management in tropical regions. Geoderma, 79:261-276.

Kimble, J.M., L.R. Everett, R.F. Follett, and R. Lal. 2002. Carbon sequestration and the integration of science, farming, and policy. In J.M. Kimble, R. Lal, and R.F. Follett, Eds. Agricultural Practices and Policies for Carbon Sequestration in Soils, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 3-11.

Lal, R. 1999a. Global carbon pools and fluxes and the impact of agricultural intensification and judicious land use. In Prevention of Land Degradation, Enhancement of Carbon Sequestration and Conservation of Biodiversity Through Land Use Change and Sustainable Land Management with a Focus on Latin America and the Carribbean. World Soil Resources Report 86. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, pp. 45-52.

Lal, R. 1999b. Soil management and restoration for C sequestration to mitigate the accelerated greenhouse effect. Prog. Environ. Sci., 1:307-326.

Lal, R. 2002a. Carbon sequestration in dryland ecosystems of West Asia and North Africa. Land Degradation Dev13:45-59.

Lal, R. 2002b. Soil carbon sequestration in China through intensification and restoration of degraded and desertified ecosystems. Land Degradation Dev., 13:469-478.

Lericollais, A., P. Milleville, and G. Pontié. 1998. Terrains anciens, approches renouvelées: analyse du changement dans les systèmes de production sérères au Sénégal. In R. Cligne Observatoires du développement, observatoires pour le développeme. ORSTOM, Paris.

Lightfoot, C. and R. Noble. 1993. A participatory experiment in sustainable agriculture. J. Farming Syst. Res. and Extension, 4(1):11-34.

Manu, A., A. Bationo, and S.C. Geiger. 1991. Fertility status of selected millet producing soils of West Africa with emphasis on phosphorus. Soil Sci., 152:315-320.

Maxwell, S. and T.R. Frankenberger. 1992. Household Food Security: Concepts, Indicators, Measurements. UNICEF/International Fund for Agricultural Development, New York/Rome.

Mortimore, M. and W.M. Adams. 1999. Working the Sahel: Environment and Society in Northern Nigeria. Routledge, New York.

Parton, W.J., D.S. Ojima, C.V. Cole, and D.S. Schimel. 1994. A general model for soil organic matter dynamics: sensitivity to litter chemistry, texture, and management. In Proceedings, Quantitative Modeling of Soil Forming Processes, Soil Science Society of America, Minneapolis, MN, pp. 147-167.

Pelissier, P. 1966. Les Paysans du Sénégal, les civilisations agraires du Cayor à la Casaman. Fabrègue, Saint-Yrieix (Haute-Vienne).

Pelissier, P. and G. Laclavère. 1984. Atlas du Senegal, 4th ed. Les Editions Jeune Afrique, Paris.

Rabot, C. 1984. Vingt ans de successions de cultures dans la moitié sud du Sénégal, impacts écologiq. DEA, Ecologie tropicale. Université des sciences et techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier, France.

Ringius, L. 2002. Soil carbon sequestration and the CDM: opportunities and challenges for Africa. Climatic Change, 54:471-495.

Sanchez, P.A. 2000. Linking climate change research with food security and poverty reduction in the tropics. Agric. Ecosvst. Environ., 82:371-383.

Sanchez, P.A., K.D. Shepherd, M.J. Soule, F.M. Place, R.J. Buresh, A.-M.N. Izac, A.U. Mokwunye, F.R. Kwesiga, C.G. Ndiritu, and P.L. Woomer. 1997. Soil fertility replenishment in Africa: an investment in natural resource capital. In R.J. Buresh, P.A. Sanchez, and F. Calhoun, Eds. Replenishing Soil Fertility in Africa. Soil Science Society of America and American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, pp. 1-46.

Scoones, I., C. Chibudu, S. Chikura, P. Jeranyama, D. Machanja, W. Mavedzenge, B. Mombeshora, M. Mudhara, C. Mudziwo, et al. 1996. Hazards and Opportunities. Farming Livelihoods in Dryland Africa: Lessons from Zimbabwe. Zed Books, London.

Sen, A.K. 1981. Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation. Clarendon Press and Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York.

Stomal-Weigel, B. 1988. L'évolution récente et comparée des systèmes de production serer et wolof dans deux villages du vieux Bassin Arachidier (Sénégal). Cah. Sci. Hum., 24(1):17-33.

Thomson, A.M. and M. Metz. 1997. Implications of Economic Policy for Food Security. Training Materials for Agricultural Planning 40. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.

Tschakert, P., M. Khouma, and M. Sène. 2004. Biophysical potential for soil carbon sequestration in agricultural systems of the Old Peanut Basin of Senegal. J. Arid Environ., 59:511-533.

Tschakert, P. 2004a. Carbon for farmers: assessing the potential for soil carbon sequestration in the Old Peanut Basin of Senegal. Climatic Change, 67(2-3), December (I, II):273:290.

Tschakert, P. 2004b. The costs of soil carbon sequestration: an economic analysis for smallholder farming systems in Senegal. Agric. Svst,. 81:227-253.

Watson, R.T., M.C. Zinyowera, and R.H. Moss. 1996. Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation for Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analysis. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, London; New York.

Watts, M. 1991. Entitlements or empowerment? Famine and starvation in Africa. Rev. Afr. Political Econ.. 51:9-27.

0 0

Post a comment