Aber, J.D., P.B. Reich, and M.L. Goulden. 1996. Extrapolating leaf CO2 exchange to the canopy: a generalized model of forest photosynthesis validated by eddy correlation. Oecologia, 106:257-265.

Aber, J.D., S.V. Ollinger, C.A. Federer, et al. 1995. Predicting the effects of climate change on water yield and forest production in the northeastern United States. Climate Res., 5:207-222.

Andrews, J.A. and W.H. Schlesinger. 2001. Soil CO2 dynamics, acidification and chemical weathering in a temperate forest with experimental CO2 enrichment. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 15:149-162.

Andrews, J.A., K.G. Harrison, R. Matamala, and W.H. Schlesinger. 1999. Separation of root respiration from total soil respiration using carbon-13 labeling during free-air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE). Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 63:1429-1435.

Atkin, O.K. and M.G. Tjoelker. 2003. Thermal acclimation and dynamic response of plant respiration to temperature. Trends Plant Sci., 8:343-351.

Baldocchi, D.D. 2003. Assessing the eddy covariance technique for evaluating carbon dioxide exchange rates of ecosystems: past, present and future. Global Change Biol., 9:479-492.

Baldocchi, D.D., B.B. Hicks, and T.P. Meyer. 1988. Measuring biosphere-atmosphere exchanges of biologically related gases with micrometeorological methods. Ecology, 69:1331-1340.

Boone, R.D., P. Sollins, and K. Cromack Jr. 1988. Stand and soil changes along a mountain hemlock death and regrowth sequence. Ecology, 69:714-722.

Caspersen, J.P., S.W. Pacala, J.C. Jenkins, G.C. Hurtt, P.R. Moor-croft, and R.A. Birdsey. 2000. Contribution of land-use history to carbon accumulation in U.S. forests. Science, 290:1148-1151.

Clark, D.A., S. Brown, D.W. Kicklighter, J.Q. Chambers, J.R. Thom-linson, and J. Ni. 2001. Measuring net primary production in forests: concepts and field methods. Ecol. Awl., 11:356-370.

Curtis, P.S. 1996. A meta-analysis of leaf gas exchange and nitrogen in trees grown under elevated carbon dioxide. Plant Cell Environ, 19:127-137.

Curtis, P.S., P.J. Hanson, P. Bolstad, C. Barford, J.C. Randolph, H.P. Schmid, and K.B. Wilson. 2002. Biometric and eddy-covaraince based estimates of annual carbon sorage in five eastern North American deciduous forests. Agric. For. Meteorol., 113:3-19.

Davey, P.A., S. Hunt, G.J. Hymus, E.H. DeLucia, B.G. Drake, D.F. Karnosky, and S.P. Long. 2003. Respiratory oxygen uptake is not decreased by an instantaneous elevated of [CO2], but is increased with long-term growth in the field at elevated [CO2]. Plant Physiol.,

DeLucia, E.H., J.G. Hamilton, S.L. Naidu, R.B. Thomas, J.A. Andrews, A. Finzi, M. Lavine, R. Matamala, J.E. Mohan, G.R. Hendrey, and W.H. Schlesinger. 1999. Net primary production of a forest ecosystem under experimental CO2 enrichment. Science, 284:1177-1179.

DeLucia, E.H., K. George, and J.G. Hamilton. 2002. Radiation-use efficiency of a forest exposed to elevated concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Tree Physiol., 22:1003-1010.

Dewar, R.C., B.E. Medlyn, and R.E. McMurtrey. 1999. Acclimation of the respiration/photosynthesis ratio to temperature: insights from a m°del. Global Change BwL, 5:615-622.

Dore, S., G.J. Hymus, D.P. Johnson, C.R. Hinkle, R. Valentini, and B.G. Drake. 2003. Cross validation of open-top chamber and eddy covariance measurements of ecosystem CO2 exchange in a Florida scrub-oak ecosystem. Global Change Biol., 9:84-95.

Drake, B.G., M.A. Gonzalez-Meler, and S.P. Long. 1997. More efficient plants: a consequence of rising atmospheric CO2. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol., 48:609-639.

Drake, G.B., M.S. Muehe, G. Peresta, M.A. Gonzalez-Meler, and R. Matamala. 1996. Acclimation of photosynthesis, respiration and ecosystem carbon flux of a wetland on Chesapeake Bay, Maryland to elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration. Plant Soil, 187:111-118.

Edwards, N.T. and R.J. Norby. 1999. Below-ground respiratory responses of sugar maple and red maple saplings to atmospheric CO2 enrichment and elevated air temperature. Plant Soil, 206:85-97.

Edwards, N.T., T.J. Tschaplinski, and R.J. Norby. 2002. Stem respiration increases in CO2- enriched sweetgum trees. New Phytol-ogist, 155:239-248.

Ellsworth, D.S. 1999. CO2 enrichment in a maturing pine forest: are CO2 exchange and water status in the canopy affected? Plant Cell Environ., 22:461-472.

Fan, S., M. Gloor, J. Mahlman, S. Pacala, J. Sarmiento, T. Takahashi, and P. Tans. 1998. A large terrestrial carbon sink in North America implied by atmospheric and oceanic carbon dioxide data and models. Science, 282:442-446.

Field, C.B. 2001. Plant physiology of the "missing" carbon sink. Plant Phvsiol,, 125:25-28.

Field, C.B., M.J. Behrenfeld, J.T. Anderson, and P. Falkowski. 1998. Primary production of the biosphere: integrating terrestrial and oceanic components. Science, 281:237-240.

Finzi, A.C., A.S. Allen, E.H. DeLucia, D.S. Ellsworth, and W.H. Schlesinger. 2001. Forest litter production, chemistry, and decomposition following two years of free-air CO2 enrichment. Ecology, 82:470-484.

Finzi, A.C., E.H. DeLucia, J.G. Hamilton, D.D. Richter, and W.H. Schlesinger. 2002. The nitrogen budget of a pine forest under free air CO2 enrichment. Oecologia, 132:567-578.

George, K., R.J. Norby, J.G. Hamilton, and E.H. DeLucia. 2003. Fine-root respiration in a loblolly pine and sweetgum forest growing in elevated CO2. New Phvtologist, 160:511-522.

Grier, C.C., K.A. Vogt, M.R. Keyes, and R.L. Edmonds. 1981. Biomass distribution and above- and below-ground production in young and mature Abies amabilis zone ecosystems of the Washington Cascades. Can. J. For. Res., 11:155-167.

Groninger, J.W., K.H. Johnsen, J.R. Seiler, R.E. Will, D.S. Ellsworth, and C.A. Maier. 1999. Implications of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide for loblolly pine plantation management and productivity. J. For., 97:4-10.

Hamilton, J.G., E.H. DeLucia, K. George, S.L. Naidu, A.C. Finzi, and W.H. Schlesinger. 2002. Forest carbon balance under elevated CO2. Oecologia, 131:250-260.

Hamilton, J.G., R.B. Thomas, and E.H. DeLucia. 2001. Direct and indirect effects of elevated CO2 on leaf respiration in a forest ecosystem. Plant Cell Environ., 24:975-982.

Hanson, P.J., N.T. Edwards, C.T. Garten, and J.A. Andrews. 2000. Separating root and soil microbial contributions to soil respiration: a review of methods and observations. Biogeochemistrv, 48:115-146.

Hendrey, G., D. Ellsworth, K. Lewn, and J. Nagy. 1999. A free-air enrichment system for exposing tall forest vegetation to elevated atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biol... 5:293-309.

Hendrey, G.R. and B.A. Kimball. 1994. The FACE program. Agric. For. Meteorol., 70:3-14.

Hertel, D. and C. Leuschner. 2002. A comparison of four different fine root production estimates with ecosystem carbon balance data in a Fagus-Quercus mixed forest. Plant Soil, 239:237-251.

Houghton, J.T., L.G. Meira Filho, J. Bruce, et al., Eds. 1996. Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change. Scientific-Technical Analyses. Cambridge University Press, London; New York.

Houghton, J.T., Y. Ding, D.J. Griggs, et al., Eds. 2001. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Third Assessment Report. Cambridge University Press, London; New York.

Idso, S.B. 1999. The long-term response of trees to atmospheric CO2 enrichment. Global Change Biol., 5:493-495.

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme Terrestrial Carbon Working Group. 1998. The terrestrial carbon cycle: implications for the Kyoto Protocol. Science, 280:1393-1394.

Jackson, R.B., H.A. Mooney, and E.-D. Schulze. 1997. A global budget for fine root biomass, surface area, and nutrient contents. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 94:7362-7366.

Janssens, I.A., A. Freibauer, P. Ciais, et al. 2003. Europe's terrestrial biosphere absorbs 7 to 12% of European anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Science, 300:1538-1542.

Johnson, D.W., W. Cheng, J.D. Joslin, R.J. Norby, N.T. Edwards, and D.E. Todd Jr. 2004. Effects of elevated CO2 on nutrient cycling in a sweetgum plantation. Biogeochemistry, 69:379-403.

Joos, F., I.C. Prentice, and J.I. House. 2002. Growth enhancement due to global atmospheric change as predicted by terrestrial ecosystem models: consistent with US forest inventory data. Global Change Biol., 8:299-303.

Keever, C. 1950. Causes of succession on old fields of the Piedmont, North Carolina. Ecol. Monogr, 20:231-250.

Kelting, D.L., J.A. Burger, and G.S. Edwards. 1998. Estimating root respiration, microbial respiration in the rhizosphere, and root-free soil respiration in forest soils. Soil Biol. Biochem., 30:961-968.

Kicklighter, D.W., M. Bruno, S. Doenges, et al. 1999. A first order analysis of the potential of CO2 fertilization to affect the global carbon budget: a comparison of four terrestrial biosphere models. Tellus, 51:343-366.

Kimball, B.A., K. Kobayashi, and M. Bindi. 2002. Responses of agricultural crops to free-air CO2 enrichment. Adv. Agron., 77:293-368.

Lichter, J. 1998. Primary succession and forest development on coastal Lake Michigan sand dunes. Ecol. Monogr., 4:487-510.

Lieth, H. and R.H. Whittaker, Eds. 1975. The Primary Productivity of the Biosphere. Ecological Studies 14. Springer, New York.

Long, S.P. and B.G. Drake. 1992. Photosynthetic CO2 assimilation and rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations. In N.R. Baker, and H. Thomas, Eds. Topics in Photosynthesis. Crop Photosynthesis: Spatial and Temporal Determinants, vol. 2. Amsterdam, Elsevier, pp. 69-107.

Long, S.P. 1991. Modification of the response of photosynthetic productivity to rising temperature by atmospheric CO2 concentrations: has its importance been underestimated? Plant Cell Environ., 14:729-739.

Loreto, F., V. Velikova, and G. Di Marco. 2001. Respiration in the light measured by 12CO2 emission in 13CO2 atmosphere in maize leaves. Aust. J. Plant Physiol., 28:1103-1108.

Luo, Y., B. Medlyn, D. Hui, D. Ellsworth, J.F. Reynolds, and G. Katul. 2001. Gross primary productivity in the Duke Forest: Modeling synthesis of the free-air CO2 enrichment experiment and eddy-covariance measurements. Ecol. Appl., 11:239-252.

Luo, Y., L.W. White, J.G. Canadell, E.H. DeLucia, D.S. Ellsworth, A. Finzi, J. Lichter, and W.H. Schlesinger. 2003. Sustainability of terrestrial carbon sequestration: a case study in Duke Forest with inversion approach. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 17:1021.

Makela, A. and H.T. Valentine. 2001. The ratio of NPP and GPP: evidence of change over the course of stand development. Tree Physiol., 21:1015-1030.

Matamala, R., M.A. Gonzalez-Meler, J.D. Jastrow, R.J. Norby, and W.H. Schlesinger. 2003. Impacts of fine root turnover on forest NPP and soil C sequestration potential. Science, 302:1385-1387.

McLeod, A.R. and S.P. Long. 1999. Free-air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE) in global change research: a review. Adv. Ecol. Res., 28:1-55.

Medlyn, B.E., C.V.M. Barton, M.S.J. Broadmeado, et al. 2001. Sto-matal conductance of forest species after long-term exposure to elevated CO2 concentration: a synthesis. New Phytologist, 149:247-264.

Meir, P. and J. Grace. 2002. Scaling relationships for woody tissue respiration in two tropical rain forests. Plant Cell Environ., 25:963-973.

Miglietta, F., M.R. Hoosbeek, J. Foot, et al. 2001. Spatial and temporal performance of a miniFACE (free air CO2 enrichment) system on bog ecosystems in northern and central Europe. Environ. Monitoring Assessment, 66:107-127.

Moore, D., E. DeLucia, and R. Norby. 2004. Unpublished data.

Myers, D.A., R.B. Thomas, and E.H. DeLucia. 1999. Photosynthetic capacity of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) trees during the first year of carbon dioxide enrichment in a forest ecosystem. Plant Cell Environ., 22:473-481.

Nadelhoffer, K.J. and J.W. Raich. 1992. Fine root production estimates and belowground carbon allocation in forest ecosystems. Ecology, 73:1139-1147.

Naidu, S.L. and E.H. DeLucia. 1999. First-year growth response of trees in an intact forest exposed to elevated CO2. Global Change Biol., 5:609-614.

Norby, R.J., P.J. Hanson, E.G. O'Neill, et al. 2002. Net primary productivity of a CO2-enriched deciduous forest and the implications for carbon storage. Ecol. Appl., 12:1261-1266.

Norby, R.J., D.E. Todd, J. Fults, and D.W. Johnson. 2001. Allometric determination of tree growth in a CO2-enriched sweetgum stand. New Phytologist, 150:477-487.

Norby, R.J., J.D. Sholtis, C.A. Gunderson, and S.S. Jawdey. 2003. Leaf dynamics of a deciduous forest canopy: no response to elevated CO2. Oecologia, 136:574-584.

Nowak, R.S., D.S. Ellsworth, and S.D. Smith. 2004. Tansley Review: Functional responses of plants to elevated atmospheric CO2: Do photosynthetic and productivity data from FACE experiments support early predictions? New Phytologist, 162:253-280.

O'Connell, K.E.B., S.T. Gower, and J.M. Norman. 2003. Net ecosystem production of two contrasting boreal black spruce forest communities. Ecosystems, 6:248-260.

Obrist, D., E.H. DeLucia, and J.A. Arnone III. 2003. Consequences of wildfire on ecosystem CO2 and water vapour fluxes in the Great Basin. Global Change Biol., 9:563-574.

Okada M., M. Lieffering, H. Nakamura, M. Yoshimoto, H.Y. Kim, and K. Kobayashi. 2001. Free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) using pure CO2 injection: system description. New Phytologist, 150:251-260.

Oren R., D.E. Ellsworth, K.H. Johnsen, et al. 2001. Soil fertility limits carbon sequestration by forest ecosystems in a CO2-enriched atmosphere. Nature, 411:469-472.

Pacala, S.W., G.C. Hurtt, D. Baker, et al. 2001. Consistent land- and atmosphere-based U.S. carbon sink estimates. Science, 292:2316-2320.

Prentice, I.C., et al. 2001. The carbon cycle and atmospheric carbon dioxide. In Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, London; New York, pp. 183-238.

Publicover, D.A. and K.A. Vogt. 1993. A comparison of methods for estimating forest fine root production with respect to sources of error. Can. J. For. Res., 23:1179-1186.

Randerson, J.T., F.S. Chapin III, J.W. Harden, J.C. Neff, and M.E. Harmon. 2002. Net ecosystem production: a comprehensive measure of net carbon accumulation by ecosystems. Ecol. Annl., 12:937-947.

Ryan, M.G. 1995. Foliar maintenance respiration of subalpine and boreal trees and shrubs in relation to nitrogen content. Plant Cell Environ., 18:765-772.

Ryan, M.G., R.M. Hubbard, S. Pongracic, R.J. Raison, and R.E. McMurtrie. 1996. Foliage, fine-root, woody-tissue and stand respiration in Pinus radiatia in relation to nitrogen status. Tree Physiology, 16:333-343.

Santantonio, D. and J.C. Grace. 1987. Estimating fine-root production and turnover from biomas and decomposition data — a compartment flow model. Can. J. For. Res., 17:900-908.

Schäfer, K.V.R., R. Oren, D.S. Ellsworth, C-T. Lai, J.D. Herrick, A.C. Finzi, D.D. Richter, and G. Katul. 2003. Exposure to an enriched CO2 atmosphere alters carbon assimilation and allocation in a pine forest ecosystem. Global Change Biol., 9:1378-1400.

Schäfer, K.V.R., R. Oren, C.-T. Lai, and G.G. Katul. 2002. Hydrologie balance in an intact temperate forest ecosystem under ambient and elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration. Global Change Biol., 8:895-911.

Schimel, D.S., J. Melillo, H. Tan, et al. 2000. Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate to carbon storage by ecosystems in the United States. Science, 287:2004-2006.

Schimel, D.S., J.I. House, K.A. Hibbard, et al. 2001. Recent patterns and mechanisms of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems. Nature, 414:169-172.

Schlesinger, W.H. 1997. Bio geochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change. Academic Press, New York.

Schlesinger, W.H. and J. Lichter. 2001. Limited carbon storage in soil and litter of experimental forest plots under increased atmospheric CO2. Nature, 411:66-469.

Schulze, E.-D. and M. Heimann. 1988. Carbon and water exchange of terrestrial ecosystems. In J. Galloway and J.M. Melillo, Eds. Asian Change in the Context of Global Change. Cambridge University Press, London; New York, pp. 145-161.

Shaver, G.R., L.C. Johnson, D.H. Cades, G. Murray, J.A. Laundre, E.B. Rastetter, K.J. Nadelhoffer, and A.E. Giblin. 1998. Biomass and CO2 flux in wet sedge tundras: responses to nutrients, temperature and light. Ecol. Monogr., 68:75-97.

Springer, C.J. and Thomas, R.B. 2004. Unpublished data.

Strain, B.R. and F.A. Bazzaz. 1983. Terrestrial plant communities. In E.R. Lemon, Ed. CO2 and Plants. The Response of Plants to Rising Levels of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. Westview Press, Boulder, CO.

Teskey, R.O. and M.A. McGuire. 2002. Carbon dioxide transport in xylem causes errors in estimation of rates of respiration in stems and branches of trees. Plant Cell Environ., 25:1571-1577.

Tissue, D.T., J.D. Lewis, S.D. Wullschleger, J.S. Amthor, K.L. Griffen, and R. Anderson. 2002. Leaf respiration at different canopy positions in sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) grown in ambient and elevated concentrations of carbon dioxide in the field. Tree Physiology, 22:1157-1166.

Valentini, R., G. Matteucci, A.J. Dolman, E-D. Schulze, C. Rebmann, E.J. Moors, et al. 2000. Respiration as the main determinant of carbon balance in European forests. Nature, 404:861-865.

von Caemmerer, S. 2000. Biochemical Models of Leaf Photosynthesis. Techniques in Plant Sciences 2. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Collingwood, VIC, Australia.

Wang, X.Z., J.D. Lewis, D.T. Tissue, J.R. Seemann, and K.L. Griffin. 2001. Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on leaf dark respiration of Xanthium strumarium in light and in darkness. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 98:2479-2484.

Waring, R.H. and N. McDowell. 2002. Use of a physiological process model with forestry yield tables to set limits on annual carbon balances. Tree Physiology, 22:179-188.

Waring, R.H., J.J. Landsberg, and M. Williams. 1998. Net primary production of forests: a constant fraction of gross primary production? Tree Physiology, 18:129-134.

Whittaker, R.H. 1975. Communities and Ecosystems, 2nd ed. Mac-millan, New York.

Wiant, H.V. 1967. Has the contribution of liter decay to forest soil respiration been overestimated? J. For., 65:408-409.

Wofsy, S.C., M.L. Goulden, J.W. Munger, S.M. Fan, P.S. Bakwin, B.C. Daube, S.L. Bassow, and F.A. Bazzaz. 1993. Net exchange of CO2 in a midlatitude forest. Science, 260:1314-1317.

Woodwell, G.M. and R.H. Whittaker. 1968. Primary production in terrestrial ecosystems. Am. Zoologist, 8:19-30.

Zak, D.R., K.S. Pregitzer, P.S. Curtis, J.A. Teeri, R. Fogel, and D.L. Randlett. 1993. Elevated atmospheric CO2 and feedback between carbon and nitrogen cycles. Plant Soil, 151:105-117.

Zak, D.R., Holmes, W.E., Finzi, A.C., Norby, R.J., and Schlesinger, W.H. 2003. Soil nitrogen cycling under elevated CO2: a synthesis of forest FACE experiments. Ecol. AddI., 13:1508-1514.

Zelitch, I. 1973. Plant productivity and the control of photorespiration. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 70:579-84.

0 0

Post a comment