Contents

3.1 Introduction 40

3.2. The Green Revolution — What Has Been

Achieved? 41

3.2.1 Criticisms of the Green Revolution 46

3.2.2 Hunger Still Stalks Asia 47

3.3 Food Production Challenges Ahead 48

3.3.1 Future Demand and Supply Projections 48

3.3.2 Livestock Demand — The Global

Wealth Effect 48

3.3.2.1 Marginalized People and Lands 49

3.3.3 Africa Is the Major Challenge 50

3.4 Scientific Challenges and Opportunities 52

3.4.1 Raising Maximum Genetic Potential 52

3.4.2 Sustaining Yields in Irrigated Areas 53

3.4.2.1 Addressing Marginal Lands and

Environments 55

3.4.2.2 Improving Nutritional Quality 57

3.4.2.3 What to Expect from Biotechnology 57

3.4.2.4 Coping with Climate Change 60

3.5 The Future of Public Goods Research 60

3.5.1 Intellectual Property Rights, the Regulatory Process, and Scientific Innovation 60

3.5.2 Future of Public Research 62

3.6 Where Do We Go from Here? 63

3.6.1 Rural Infrastructure Underpins

All Development 63

3.6.2 Agriculture and Peace 64

3.6.3 Mobilizing Political Will to Reduce

Poverty and Hunger 65

3.6.4 The Responsibility of Privileged Nations 67

References 68

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