Contents

11.1 Introduction 270

11.2 State of the Global Agriculture Sector 271

11.2.1 State of Agriculture 272

11.3 Environmental Pressures on Agriculture 273

11.4 Response of Agriculture to Rising Atmospheric

CO2 and Climate Change 274

11.4.1 Direct Effects of Rising Atmospheric CO2 274

11.4.1.1 CO2 Effects on Crops 274

11.4.2 Impacts of Climate Change 275

11.4.2.1 Impacts on Crops and Livestock 275

11.4.3 Response and Adaptation to Impacts on Crops, Livestock, and Forest Resources 280

11.4.3.1 Response and Adaptation of Crops and Livestock

280 285 285 285

286 287 287

11.5 Summary and Conclusions

11.5.2 Pressure

11.5.3 Response

11.5.4 Adaptation

Acknowledgments

References

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