Results from the SHMP indicate that it is possible to achieve food security and maintain and/or improve soil quality in smallholder hillside agriculture systems. However, there are many challenges to overcome in the coming years. Small farmers and researchers and development experts who are working on these problems tend to agree about what needs to be done. They are all interested in finding solutions. More people from several indigenous rural communities are applying to participate in the project. And community, municipal, state, and federal institutions are willing to support small-farmer initiatives and to support the field research activities that are required to improve and diversify the MIFT system in several ecosystems. The future of food security for small farmers undertaking hillside agriculture in Mexico depends in part on the degree of cooperation generated between small farmers and national institutions in the coming years.
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