Abstract CO2 geological storage constitutes a relatively recent scientific technology which could play a major role for the solution of global warming. More research is needed, however at the same time already-available scientific knowledge has scarcely been disseminated. Thus researchers who work in this area are faced with two main problems 1) get their work to be known and its relevance understood also outside research and academic circles 2) avoid possible misconceptions in the understanding of their research, which could result in negative reactions in public opinion and consequently to the refusal of geological storage. This contribution addresses the need to spread knowledge and make this technology better known for the exploitation of its potentialities. Methodological questions about effective dissemination are dealt with. A psycho-sociological approach is presented and discussed, focusing on 1) how to develop in the public a positive attitude and interest for learning about...
The negotiations that began in 1973 lead to a series of agreements in principle (AIPs) concluded in the early 1980s. YFN ratification votes showed a low level of support for the AIPs. Some YFNs refused to vote on them. In August 1984, the CYI General Assembly called for major changes to the AIPs. These changes included the affirmation, not extinguishment, of aboriginal rights, the recognition and protection of subsistence hunting rights, more land, and the strengthening of YFN government. The federal government resisted these changes and on December 20, 1984 David Crombie, Canada's Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs, declared the AIPs rejected.
According to its mission statement, the NRDC strives to protect nature in ways that advance the long-term welfare of present and future generations. In addition to affirming the integral place of human beings in the environment, and decrying the pattern of disproportionate environmental burdens borne by people of color and others who face social or economic inequities, it emphasizes a way of life that can be sustained indefinitely without fouling or depleting the resources that support all life on Earth. The group began as a public interest lobbying organization funded by the Ford Foundation, and now focuses on litigation and legislation involving protection of the environment. Its program foci include Health, Nuclear, Land and Forests, Urban, Climate, Air and Energy, Water and Oceans, International, Market Transformation, Advocacy Campaigns, and Legislation and Litigation.
Uncertainty in the context of the environment mainly refers to scientific uncertainty. Here, science generates truths through the testing of hypotheses. But often, the affirmation of hypotheses involves a certain degree of uncertainty due to the method or research design. Scientists often use the benchmark of 95 percent certainty when deciding whether or not cause and effect have been correctly identified. Scientists often report confidence limits based on research design and sampling error in their studies to account for uncertainty.
The term megafauna is one that is not easily defined. Marshall (1984) points out that four different definitions are provided by different authors in Martin and Klein's 1984 Quaternary Extinctions, one of the definitive works in the field. He goes on to criticize the use of the term, concluding that it is a hindrance to understanding the extinction process itself' (Marshall 1984 796). The use of the term is also examined by Wroe et al. (2004), who demonstrate that its imprecise nature can lead to very different results in extinction studies. In particular, the subjective use of this term can be made to reaffirm any given hypothesis as its injudicious use allows the removal of problematic species and the addition of affirming ones. What then is the solution Is the term too entrenched in modern work to be discounted Marshall (1984) suggests that if the term should continue to be employed (and he makes it clear that this is doubtful), then fauna should be divided into dwarfed megafauna...
Bringing greenhouse gas emissions down to a fraction of current levels will take an ongoing worldwide effort that engages all nations and touches all lives. We can fail to slash emissions, or fail even to try. We can try risky geoengineering schemes or simply hope to brave the heat and storms to come. Or we can adopt a positive attitude about preventing future emissions and adapting collectively to past ones, and we can get to work.
The term still creates the sort of confusion that comes with a catchall phrase that attempts to encapsulate an approach intended to reorient human activities toward approaches that maintain environmental integrity, improve economic and social justice, and allow cultural affirmation. Basic questions that flow from efforts to build capacity are (1) What is to be built or developed (2) Who does the building or developing (3) How is it done (4) Where is it done (5) Why is it done
Critical social theorists have variously called for a radical expansion and extension of democracy in the direction of a new ecological democracy. 60 Producing new institutions, social relations, and culture would make possible more life-affirming relations among humans and between humans and other species. An emancipatory political ecology, then, would have to begin with a relentless critique of ecocide, loss of biodiversity, and the globalization of environmental degradation.61 The remaining part of this chapter elaborates in more detail on some of the essential elements of this emancipatory vision of species emancipation.
In the midsummer of 1993, a unique cultural and music festival took place in Sapmi (Karesuando, Sweden) known as the Davvi Suvva festival. The festival was held in conjunction with the United Nations International Year for the World's Indigenous People. A cultural gathering as well as an affirmation of the progress that has been made toward Saami sovereignty and other indigenous people advancements from over the world, the Davvi Suvva festival affirmed and supported indigenous peoples' past triumphs and continued struggles.
Frederick Cook, the American polar explorer, volunteered for Robert Peary's North Greenland Arctic expedition shortly after passing his medical exams in1889. Peary offered Cook a position as expedition surgeon and the expedition sailed in June 1891, establishing a base on the western coast of Greenland near Whale Sound. Cook impressed Peary with his stamina, calm temperament, and positive attitude. Confident of Cook's abilities as a leader and explorer, Peary placed Cook in charge of his base camp while he trekked across the interior ice of Greenland to Independence Bay (82 N latitude).
Tte actual needs of these farmers for such services change much more dynamically. ttese needs have therefore to be permanently followed and to be dynamically met. ttis can again partly be done in the training of intermediaries but is even more demanding as to their level and flexibility, tte same applies to the use of improved Agrometeorological Bulletins (Sivakumar 2002). According to the five periods of the diffusion of innovation adoption model of Rogers (1983) (knowledge diffusion period, persuasion period, decision period, using period and affirmation period), it may be argued that during the knowledge diffusion and persuasion periods extension intermediaries, field classes and mass media play a very important role. During the other periods in addition also able villagers' capacities (i.e. social capital) are very important, ttis has to be taken into account in the strategies chosen.
Be clear on what everyone means by the issue and the problems, opportunities, and people agencies involved Adopt a positive attitude, for example, being clear that conflicts are not just problems but also opportunities Have in mind some kind of a route map, some idea about ways in which key stakeholders wish to proceed Address role, responsibility, and legitimacy issues, including the limitations (boundaries) to your negotiating authority Build and maintain effective rapport and knowledge, skills, and a positive attitude. It is helpful to look at each of these things in relation to three phases in negotiations
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